Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics Flashcards Preview

System Screenings I > Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics Deck (13):
1

Study of how the body deals with drugs

Pharmacokinetics

2

Entrance of drugs anywhere in the GI tract from the mouth to the rectum

Enteral

3

Entrance of drugs by injection, inhalations, application to the skin, etc.

Parenteral

4

Specialized parenteral; apply to skin but goal is to go through the skin and into the body

Transdermal

5

In the Enteral route, this happens when the liver metabolizes the drugs that come in and potentially metabolizes drugs before they get to the targeted organ

First Pass effect

6

Drug administered by putting it in the cheek

Buccal

7

Drug administered by putting it under the tongue

Sublingual

8

Are oil-based or water-based intramuscular injections more quickly distributed?

Water-based

9

Injection into spinal subarachnoid space

Intrathecal

10

Are lipid-based or water-based drugs more common in topical administration?

Lipid-based; can work their way through the skin to diffuse into the body

11

Ultrasound is used to drive drugs down through the skin

Phonophoresis

12

Transdermal administration of a drug you want to act below the skin

Transdermal patches

13

In general, do lipid-solvable or water-soluble drugs work faster?

Lipid-Solvable; think bi-lipid layer of cells