Flashcards in Reproductive Pharmacology Deck (11):
How are anabolic steroids distributed?
2. oil-based injection
3. water-based injection
What are ADRs of anabolic steroids
1. Water retention
2. Testicular atrophy
4. Loss of libido
5. Nose bleeds
7. Psychological effects
8. Increased LDL
9. Liver damage
Aging, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, arterial disease, psychological factors, and drugs are all contributing factors to....
What are some drugs that cause erectile dysfunction?
1. Antihypertensive drugs
2. CNS depressants
3. Psychotropic agents
4. Other drugs (chemotherapy, histamine 2 blockers, levodopa)
What are drugs used to treat erectile dysfunction?
Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (end in AFIL, shelf name = viagra, levitra, cialis)
What are ADRs of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors?
1. Headache, flushing and nasal stuffiness
2. Visual disturbances
3. Enhanced effect of nitrates on blood pressure -hypotension
What are the ADR of contraceptive agents?
In general, clotting disorders and events that occur from them
What cancers do contraceptives increase the risk for?
(Evidence for decreased risk Ovarian and Endometrial cancer)
What drugs are used to reduce symptoms of postmenopausal women related to decreasing estrogen levels?
Hormone replacement therapy
What are the benefits of hormone replacement therapy?
1. Reduce osteoporosis
2. colorectal cancers