Flashcards in Introduction to Linguistics Deck (11)
-scientific study of language
-observe verifiable facts about human languages,
-figure out important regularities,
-describe human languages,
-explain the facts and regularities in their structure
-descriptive, not prescriptive
-method of communication through speech, writing and signing
-specific to our species
-natural (natural language).
-subject to change over time
-arbitrary relation between signifier and signified
-languages are creative, productive.
-We can generate and understand infinite number of novel sentences and expressions without former experience with them
-set of structural principles, rules and constraints that constitutes a language.
-knowledge that a speaker of a language has to tell about the grammaticality of utterances of the language
Knowledge of possible/impossible combinations of sounds
Knowledge of possible/impossible composition of words
Knowledge of possible/impossible sequence of words in a sentence
Knowledge of possible/impossible meaning (i.e., interpretations) of sentences
develop a fully explicit and complete theory of grammar to account for the knowledge that a speaker of a language has