Sociolinguistics Flashcards Preview

Linguistics > Sociolinguistics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sociolinguistics Deck (13)
Loading flashcards...
1

Language Variation

Concerns itself with social factors that influence variation in a structured way

2

NORMs

nonmobile older rural males, retained most traditional speech

3

isoglosses

boundary lines betw dialects

4

isogloss bundle

a lot of isoglosses in same place

5

Apparent time hypothesis

see change by looking at diff betw old + young speakers
generational differences show change reflected over time in lexicon
assume we keep same word over life time
Real time studies

6

Real time studies

interviewing ppl after years

7

Dialects

variation across geographical space
•if not mutually intelligable then diff languages, if mutually intelligable then diff dialects

8

Main Independent Variables

age, gender, class

9

Class

•Variants closely associated with upper classes carry most prestige
•Often adopt prestige norms imported from outside speech community
•Relationship betw class + careful speech styles
•Change from above: changes noticable in community + work from upper classes down

10

Hypercorrection

second highest class use way more prestige forms + pay most attention to speech due to linguistic insecurity

11

Ethnicity

•Linguistic system had remarkably similar structures, governed by similar linguistic constraints
•Preferred names for ethnic groups, ethnonyms, change over time, reflecting status of a group in wider society + degree of power a group is able to exercise over naming process
•Diminishing acceptability in our culture of ethnic slurs reflects changing attitudes toward ethnic naming practices

12

Gender

•Diff in language use reflect gender roles
•W use more of standard forms associated with overt prestige, more likely to use language to build + maintain relationships (rapport style), do more work to keep convo going
•M use language to communicate facts (report style), M interrupt more often

13

Covert prestige

street cred that men aim for to prove masculinity