Joints of Lower Extremity Flashcards Preview

SHB Exam 3 > Joints of Lower Extremity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Joints of Lower Extremity Deck (16):
1

Which ligament carriers the artery to the head of femur?

Ligamentum teres

2

The ________ is a branch of the obturator artery.

artery to the head of femur

3

What artery is severed if the hip is dislocated?

artery to the head of femur

4

What causes necrosis of the head of the femur?

Severing the artery to the head of femur

5

What are the ligaments of the hip joint?

Iliofemoral Ligament (anterior)

Pubofemoral Ligament (pubic part)

Ischiofemoral Ligament (ischial part)

Ligamentum teres (head of femur)

6

The __________ meniscus in the knee is less commonly injured than the ____________ meniscus of the knee.

lateral; medial

7

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) extends ________________.

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) extends posteriorly, superiorly, and laterally.

8

What is the function of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)?

To check anterior translation of the tibia.

9

What is the function of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)?

To check posterior translation of the tibia, which is very rare.

10

The _________ ligament is the stronger cruciate ligament.

posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)

11

Describe an injury to the unhappy triad.

A lateral force ruptures the medial collateral ligament (MCL), anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), and medial meniscus.

12

What ligament is involved in a "high ankle sprain" or "ankle syndemosis injury"?

A tear to theanterior, interosseus, and/or posterior tibiofibular ligament.

13

What ligament is on the medial side of the ankle?

The Medial Deltoid ligament (4)

14

What is the function of the Medial Deltoid ligament?

Checks eversion of the foot.

15

What ligament is on the lateral side of the ankle?

The talocrural lateral ligaments (3)

16

Which ligaments allows the calcaneus to bounce or "gives you a spring in your step"?

The Plantar Calcaneoncavicular "Spring" ligament