Kidney and Adrenal Anatomy Flashcards Preview

Urinary Exam 1 > Kidney and Adrenal Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kidney and Adrenal Anatomy Deck (20):
1

Where are the arteries within the kidney mainly found?

Renal columns

2

Where are the majority of Bowerman's capsule found?

In the cortex

3

Which kidney is higher?

Left (by 4 centimeters)

4

Which renal artery is longer?

Right renal artery

5

What can compress the left renal vein?

Aorta and SMA

6

Where does the superior adrenal artery arise from?

Inferior phrenic artery

7

Where does the middle adrenal artery arise from?

Aorta

8

Where does the inferior adrenal artery arise from?

Renal arteries

9

Shape of right and left adrenal gland respectively:

Right: Triangular
Left: Crescent

10

What does the left renal vein pass deep to?

Superior mesenteric artery

11

What does the ureter cross over?

The external iliac just past the common iliac bifurcation

12

What runs over the ureter giving off branches?

Gonadal arteries

13

How many arteries branch off the renal arteries to supply the kidney?

Five (four anterior one posterior in the middle)

14

What are the five segments the segmental arteries supply?

Superior to inferior and last one is the posterior one:
Apical
Anterosuperior
Anterioinferior
Inferior
Posterior

15

What are the layers of fat/fascia surrounding the kidney from outside in?

Pararenal fat
Renal fascia
Perirenal fat

16

What are all the arteries that supply blood to the ureters?

Aorta, internal iliacs, common iliacs, renal artery, superior vesicle artery (vesicle= bladder)

17

What does the cortex and medulla of the adrenal gland produce respectively?

Cortex: Steroids (lipid molecules)
Medulla: Water soluble catecholamines (dopamine, epi, norepi)

18

What are the colors of the cortex and medulla of the adrenal gland respectively?

Cortex: Creamy gold
Medulla: Brownish color

19

What do chromaffin cells release?

Catecholamines

20

What is unique about innervation to the adrenal glands?

Pre-ganglionic sympathetic chain terminates on the medullary chromaffin cells directly not on a post-ganglionic