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Flashcards in Kidney tumours Deck (15):
1

A tumour made up of muscle cells, fat cells and blood vessels.

Angiomyolipoma

2

Abive what diameter do angiomyolipomas pose a risk of haemmorhhage?

6cm

3

What is the treatment for an angiomyolipoma that is an risk of haemmorhage?

Embolisation. A catheter is inserted into the tumour blood vessels and blocked by a substance such as ethanol

4

What conditions is associatated with multiple angiolipomas of the kidney?

Tuberous sclerosis

5

Which tumour presents as a central scar on CT scanning?

Oncocytoma

6

What tumour arises from the intercalated collecting ducts of the kidney?

Oncocytoma

7

What do you do if you suspect an oncocytoma from CT?

Nephrectomy. This is because it is hard to differentiate between this and renal cell carcinoma

8

What is the classic triad of symtpoms seen in renal cell carcinoma?

Abdominal mass
Haematuria
Flank pain

9

Where does renal cell cancer arise?

Proximal convoluted tubule

10

What is the most common type of renal cell carcinoma?

Clear cell papillary

11

What type of cancer is renal cell carcinoma?

Adenocarcinoma

12

Where does renal cell carcinoma commonly extend to?

Renal vein

13

Do you get a high or low red cell count in renal cell carcinoma?

High

14

Do you get hyper or hypo calcaemia in renal cell carcinoma?

Hyper

15

Why do you get a high red cell count in renal cell carcinoma?

Increased erythropoetin secretion