Lab 13- Organization of the skeleton(test 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab 13- Organization of the skeleton(test 2) Deck (37):
1

Axial Skeleton

skull, middle ear bones, hyoid bone, vertebral column, thoracic cage

2

appendicular skeleton

pectoral girdle, upper limbs, pelvic girdle, lower limbs

3

skull

cranium and facial bones

4

hyoid bone

supports the tongue

5

vertebral column

vertebra, sacrum, and coccyx

6

thoracic cage

ribs and sternum

7

pectoral girdle

scapula and clavicle

8

upper limbs

humerus, ulna, radius, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges(phalanx)

9

pelvic girdle

hip bone(coxal bone, pelvic bone, innominate bone)

10

lower limbs

femur, tibia, fibula, patella, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges(phalanx)

11

crest

ridge-like projections

12

epicondyle

superior to condyle projections

13

line (linea)

slightly raised ridge projections

14

process

prominent projections

15

protuberance

outgrowth projections

16

ramus

extension projections

17

spine

thorn-like projections

18

trochanter

large projections

19

projections

sites for tendons and ligament attachment

20

tubercule

small knob-like projections

21

tuberosity

rough elevated projections

22

articulations

where bones connect at a joint or articulate with each other

23

condyle

rounded process articulations

24

facet

nearly flat articulations

25

head

expanded end articulations

26

depressions

recessed areas in the bone

27

alveolus

socket depressions

28

fossa

shallow basin depressions

29

fovea

tiny pit depressions

30

notch

indention on edge depressions

31

sulcus

narrow grove depressions

32

openings

open spaces in bones

33

canal

tubular passage openings

34

fissure

slit openings

35

foramen

hole openings

36

meatus

tube like openings

37

sinus

cavity openings