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Anatomy Week 4 > Lab Manual NCs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab Manual NCs Deck (64)
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1

What separates anterior and posterior compartments of the thigh?

Medial intermuscular septum

2

What separates the posterior and anterior compartments of the thigh?

Lateral Intermuscular septum

3

What is the deep fascia of the thigh?

Fascia lata

4

What nerve has branches that supply most of the cutaneous innervation to the anterior thigh?

femoral nerve

5

What nerves supply the upper aspect of the skin of the thigh?

ilioinguinal and lateral femoral cutaneous nerve

6

Where does the great saphenous vein enter the thigh?

posterior to the medial femoral condyle at the knee

7

Where does the great saphenous vein terminate?

in the femoral vein

8

T or F: some of the tributaries of the great saphenous vein connect to veins of thorax and axilla to create collateral circulation between superior and inferior vena cavae

True

9

When might collateral circulation of great saphenous to the thorax and axilla be important?

When venous return through the liver is blocked

10

What is found 3-4cm inferior to the medial attachment of inguinal ligament to the pubic tubercle?

saphenous opening

11

What is the site of femoral hernias?

saphenous opening (most common in females)

12

What are the superior attachments of the fascia lata?

inguinal ligament, iliac crest, sacrotuberous ligament, ischial tuberosity, ischiopubic ramus, symphisis pubis

13

What does the fascia lata form as it thickens laterally?

Iliotibial tract

14

What muscles insert on the iliotibial tract?

gluteus maximus, tensor fasciae latae

15

What do the intermuscular septa attach on?

linea aspera

16

What does the fascia lata thicken to form at the knee?

lateral and medial retinacula of patella

17

What does the fascia lata continue as in the leg?

crural fascia

18

Which quadriceps muscle crosses both the hip and knee joint?

Rectus femoris

19

What three muscles insert on the pes anserinus?

sartorius, gracilis, semitendinosus

20

What is located within the quadriceps tendon?

The patella

21

What inserts on the lesser trochanter in the floor of the femoral triangle?

iliopsoas

22

What surrounds the femoral artery and vein?

femoral sheath

23

What forms the boarders of the femoral triangle?

inguinal ligament, sartorius, and medial border of adductor longus

24

What is the floor of the femoral triangle composed of?

iliopsoas, pectineus, and adductor longus

25

T or F: the femoral N., artery and vein pass superficial to the inguinal ligament

False

26

T or F: the fascia lata is an extension of the transversalis fascia from the trunk that extends deep to the inguinal ligament

False - this describes the FEMORAL sheath

27

What is contained in the lateral compartment of the femoral sheath?

femoral artery

28

What is contained in the middle compartment of the femoral sheath?

femoral vein

29

What is contained in the medial compartment of the femoral sheath?

lymph nodes and fat

30

What is the primary source of motor innervation to the anterior thigh?

Femoral N