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Flashcards in Lab Practical #1 Deck (140):
0

Vital capacity

Total volume of air that can be forcefully expelled from the lungs after a maximum inhalation

1

Expiratory reserve volume

Maximal amount of air you can exhale after a normal exhalation

2

Inspiratory reserve volume

Maximum volume of air that can be inhaled in addition to rating tidal volume

3

Tidal volume

Volume of air moved in or out of the lungs during a respiratory cycle

4

Residual volume

Volume of air that remains in the lungs at all times

5

Total lung capacity

Total volume of air that lungs can hold

6

P wave indicates?

Depolarization of the atria

7

QRS indicates

The depolarization of ventricles

8

T wave indicates

Ventricular repolarization

9

Q-T interval

Length from the Q to the end of the T.. Indicates total length of time that ventricles are is systole

10

P-Q interval

Length from the beginning of the P wave to the beginning of e Q dip, indicates total length of time atria is in systole

11

Forced expiratory volume

Measures how fast air is expelled from the lung in 1 sec. Best indicator for health

12

Origin

The end of the muscle that is attached to an immovable end
(Muscles can have more then one origin)

13

Insertion

The end of the muscle that is attached to a moveable object
(Generally there is only one insertion point for a muscle)

14

Action

What the muscle does (what it moves and where)

15

Primary mover

The muscle that is mostly responsible for a particular action (does most of the work)

16

Synergist

Muscles that assist the primary mover in a particular action

17

Antagonist

Muscles that have opposite actions

18

Directions of muscle fibers

Rectus
Oblique
Transverse

19

Rectus

Parallel, straight

20

Oblique

Slanting, not a right angle

21

Transverse

Right angle

22

Relative size of muscles

Maximus
Longus
Minimus
Brevis

23

Maximus

Largest size

24

Longus

Long

25

Minimus

Smallest muscle

26

Brevis

Short

27

Frontalis

Overlays frontal bone

28

Abdominis

Overlays abdominal region

29

Origin of trapezius

Occipital bone and upper vertebrae (C7 to T12)

30

Insertion site for trapezius

Clavicle and scapula

31

Primary action of trapezius

Rotates and adducts scapula; extends and lat flexes head

32

Origin of the deltoid

Acromion process, clavicle

33

Insertion site of deltoid

Mid Humerus

34

Primary action of the deltoid

Abducts the arm

35

Origin of the latissimus Dorsi

Lower vertebrae (T7 -L5), sacrum

36

Insertion of the latissimus Dorsi

Proximal humerus

37

Primary action of the latissimus Dorsi

Adducts and extends the arm

38

Origin of the triceps brachii

Proximal humerus, scapula

39

Insertion site of the triceps brachii

Proximal ulna

40

Primary action of triceps brachii

Extends the elbow

41

Origin of the biceps brachii

Scapula

42

Insertion of biceps brachii

Proximal radius

43

Primary action of the biceps brachii

Flexes elbow

44

Origin of the brachialis

Mid humerus

45

Insertion site for brachialis

Proximal ulna

46

Primary action of brachialis

Flexes elbow

47

Origin of the extensor Capri radialis longus

Distal humerus

48

Insertion of the extensor Capri radialis longus

2nd metacarpal

49

Primary action of the extensor Capri radialis longus

Extends the wrist

50

Origin of extensor digitorium

Distal humerus

51

Insertion of the extensor digitorium

Posterior phalanges

52

Primary action of the extensor digitorium

Extends fingers

53

Origin of the brachioradialis

Distal humerus

54

Insertion site for brachioradialis

Distal radius

55

Primary action for brachioradialis

Flexes elbow

56

Origin of Flexor Carpi Radialis

Distal humerus

57

Insertion of the flexor carpi radialis

2nd and 3rd metacarpal

58

Primary action of the flexor carpi radialis

Flexes wrist

59

Origin of the palmaris longus

Distal humerus

60

Insertion site of the palmaris longus

fascia of palm

61

Primary action of the palmaris longus

Flexes wrist

62

Origin of the flexor carpi ulnaris

Distal humerus

63

Insertion of the flexor carpi ulnaris

Carpals and metacarpal

64

Primary action of the flexor carpi ulnaris

Flexes wrist

65

Origin of the pronator teres

Distal humerus

66

Insertion of the pronator teres

Lateral Radiius

67

Primary action of the pronator teres

Pronates hand

68

Origin of the supinator

Distal humerus

69

Insertion of the supinator

Proximal radius

70

Primary action of the supinator

Supinates the hand

71

Origin of the pectoralis major

Clavicle, sternum

72

Insertion of the pectoralis major

Proximal humerus

73

Primary action of the pectoralis major

Adducts the arm

74

Origin of the pectoralis minor

Superior, med ribs 3-5

75

Insertion of the pectoralis minor

Scapula

76

Primary action of the petoralis minor

raises ribs, pulls scapula anterior

77

Origin of the rectus abdominal

Pubis bone

78

Insertion of the rectus abdominal

xiphoid process

79

Primary action of the rectus abdominal

flexes vertebral column

80

Origin of the internal oblique

ilium

81

Insertion of the internal oblique

lower ribs, linea alba

82

Primary action of the internal oblique

Laterally rotates trunk

83

Origin of the transversus abdominis

iliac crest, lower ribs

84

Insertion of the transversus abdominis

Linea alba

85

Primary action of the transversus abdominis

Laterally rotates the trunk

86

Origin of the external oblique

Lower ribs

87

Insertion of the external oblique

ilium, linea alba

88

Primary action of the external oblique

laterally rotates trunk

89

Origin of the gluteus maximus

Sacrum, coccyx, ilium

90

Insertion of the gluteus maximus

Posterior femur

91

Primary of the gluteus maximus

Extends the thigh

92

Origin of the gluteus medius

ilium

93

Insertion of the gluteus medius

posterior femur

94

Primary action of the gluteus medius

Abducts the thigh

95

Origin of the rectus femoris

iliac spine (ilium)

96

Insertion of the rectus femoris

patellar tendon

97

Primary action of the rectus femoris

Extends the leg at the knee

98

Origin of the vastus lateralis

Proximal femur

99

Insertion of the vastus lateralis

Patellar tendon

100

Primary action of the vastus lateralis

extends leg at the knee

101

Origin of vastus medialis

Proximal femur

102

Insertion of the vastus medialis

Patellar tendon

103

Primary action of the vastus medialis

Extends leg at the knee

104

Origin of the sartorius

iliac spine

105

Insertion of the sartorius

Proximal tibia

106

Primary action of the sartorius

Flexes and laterally rotates thigh

107

Origin of the gracilis

Pubis

108

insertion of the gracilis

Proximal tibia

109

Primary action of the gracilis

adducts thigh

110

Origin of the bicep femoris

ischium + posterior femur

111

Insertion of the bicep femoris

Proximal tibia + proximal fibula

112

Primary action of the bicep femoris

Flexes lower leg

113

Origin of the Semitendinosus and Semimembranosus

Ischium

114

Insertion of the of the Semitendinosus and Semimembranosus

Proximal tibia

115

Primary action of the of the Semitendinosus and Semimembranosus

Flexes lower leg

116

Origin of the tibialis anterior

Proximal tibia

117

Insertion of the tibialis anterior

Metatarsal bone

118

Primary action of the tibialis anterior

Dorsiflexion

119

Origin of the extensor digitorum longus

Proximal tibia

120

Insertion of the extensor digitorum longus

Phalanges

121

Primary action of the extensor digitorum longus

Dorsiflexion

122

Origin of the gastrocnemius

Distal femur

123

Insertion of the gastrocnemius

Calcaneus by calcaneal tendon

124

Primary action of the gastrocnemius

Plantar flexion

125

Origin of the soleus

Proximal tibia and fibula

126

Insertion of the soleus

Calcaneus by calcaneal tendon

127

Primary action of the soleus

plantar flexion

128

What does ECG stand for?

Electrocardiogram

129

What does an ECG measure?

Monitors electrical activity within the heart

130

Tallquist Method

Checks hemoglobin by colorimetry by the color of the paper

131

What are the four different blood types?

A
AB
O
B

132

What blood type is most abundant?

Type O

133

What blood type is least abundant?

AB-

134

What is hematocrit?

% of RBC in the blood

135

What do low levels of hematocrit indicate?

Anemia

136

Normal levels for males for hematocrit

45-52%

137

Normal levels for females for hematocrit

37-48%

138

What is the spleen's function?

Recycles old blood cells (purifies blood)
Immune function (immunity)
Stores blood

139

What are the lymph nodes functions?

Activates B and T cells
Produce lymphocytes
Surveillance
Filters infections organisms