Lab: Suture, Bandaging and Asepsis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab: Suture, Bandaging and Asepsis Deck (54)
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1

T/F: Suture should be as strong as the tissue being sutured, not stronger nor weaker.

True

2

What is the measurement of a suture's ability to resist breakage?

Tensile strength

3

Where does most suture break?

At the knot (= weakest point)

4

What is the ability of fluid or bacteria to wick along suture?

Capillarity

5

Absorbable suture is suture that looses most of its tensile strength by ___ days.

60

6

How is suture treated to decrease tissue drag?

Coating

7

What is the trade name for Poliglecaprone 25?

Monocryl

8

T/F: Chromic gut is absorbable. 

True

9

What is the trade name for Polyglactin 910? What type of suture is it?

Vicryl

Synthetic braided absorbable

10

What is Vicryl Plus coated with?

Tricolsan (antimicrobial)

11

What is the trade name for polyglycolic acid? What type of suture is it?

Dexon

Synthetic absorbable braided 

12

What are your options for quickly absorbed suture to close non-infected bladders?

Monocryl (Poliglecaprone 25)

Caprosyn (Polyglytone 6211)

13

What is the trade name for Glycomer 631? What type of suture is it? 

Biosyn

Synthetic monofilament absorbable 

14

Which suture, similar to PDS, maintains strength for 6 weeks? For how long does PDS maintain 50% TS?

Maxon (Polyglyconate)

6 months

15

Which suture types absorb in a short amount of time? Intermediate? Long? Include what type of suture is it.

Short: Vicryl RAPIDE (polyglactin 910- synthetic braided), Monocryl (poligelcaprone 25- synthetic monofilament), Caprosyn (polyglytone 6211- synthetic monofilament)

Intermediate: Vicryl (polyglactin 910- synthetic braided), Biosyn (glycomer 631- synthetic monofilament)

Long: PDS (polydioxanone - synthetic monofilament), Maxon (polyglyconate- synthetic monofilament)

16

What is the problem with using silk suture? When is it used?

Highly inflammatory 

For certain cardiovascular surgery

17

What is the trade name for polypropylene? What type of suture is it?

Prolene

Synthetic non-absorbable monofilament

18

What is the trade name for nylon? What type of suture is it?

Ethilon

Synthetic non-absorbable monofilament

19

What is the trade name for polymerized caprolactam? What organ is it exclusively used in?

Vetafil

Skin

 

20

What is the brand name for polyester? What type of suture is it?

Ethibond

Braided synthetic coated non-absorbable 

21

What is the part of the eyeless needle called where the suture is attached?

Swage

22

What type of needle is this?

J needle

23

What is the most commonly used curved needle size? 

1/2 circle 

(3/8 circle also common)

24

Which type of needle can you NOT use for skin? 

Taperpoint

25

What type of needle dissects through friable tissue without cutting?

Blunt point 

26

What needle is typically used for skin?

Reverse cutting

27

How do bandages promote healing?

By maintaining a CO2/acid environment initially at the level of the wound and disscociating O2 from Hb to increase oxygenation 

28

Which layer of the bandage is used to provide support and decrease dead space?

Secondary

29

What risk arises if exudate reaches the tertiary layer of a bandage?

Bacterial strike through 

30

What part of the bandage may you leave in place if you change the bandage?

Stirrups