Language development in CH Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Language development in CH Deck (30):
1

morphology

word structure

2

morpheme

smallest meaningful unit of language

3

free/base/root morphemes

-words that have meaning -cannot be broken down into smaller parts
-can have other morphemes added to them
{book, color, establish}

4

bound/grammatical morphemes

-cannot convey meaning by themselves
-must be joined with free morphemes
{-s, -ed, -ing}

5

allomorphs

variations of morphemes that do NOT affect meaning

{leaves (z), cats (s)}

6

syntax

sentence structure

7

6 types of sentences

-passive (subject receives action)
-active (subject performs action)
-imperative (command)
-interrogative (question)
-declarative (statement)
-exclamatory (!)

8

compound sentence contains what?

2 or more independent clauses joined by a comma and a conjunction (and) or a semicolon

9

complex sentence contains what?

one independent clause and one or more dependent clause

10

what is the basic structure of a sentence in English?

subject + verb + object

11

semantics

word meaning (vocab)

12

semantic categories (r, r, c)

recurrence (concept of more)
rejection (no)
causality (cause and effect)

13

overextension vs. underextension

all round items are balls
only an oreo is a cookie, not a snickerdoodle

14

quick incidental learning/fast mapping

CH's ability to learn a new word on basis of just a few exposures to it

15

pragmatics

rules that govern use of language in social situations

16

pragmatics considers ____ and ____ of utterance

context and function

17

language has 3 functions. what are they?

labeling (naming); protesting (objecting);
commenting (describing)

18

context of language includes these 3 w's

who
what
where

19

motherese/CDS (ch directed speech)

higher pitch
greater pitch fluctuations
slower rate
clear, fluent speech
simpler utterances
longer pauses between utterances
shorter utterances

20

2 pragmatic skills that develop in infancy

turn taking and eye contact

21

research: 2 factors associated with more rapid, rich language development in infants and young CH

amount of talking and CG responsiveness

22

piaget's stages of cognitive development in order (she put crayons first)

sensorimotor
pre operational
concrete operations
formal operations

23

piaget's stages ages

0-2
2-7
7-11
more than 11

24

first 8 grammatical morphemes

-ing
in
on
regular -s
irregular past tense verbs
possessive -s
uncontractible copula
articles

25

last 6 grammatical morphemes

regular past tense -ed
regular third person -s (cook/cooks)
irregular third person (do/does)
uncontractible auxiliary (was)
contractible copula (he is)
contractible auxiliary (mom is)

26

who and what re: behaviorist theory (3)

skinner; verbal behavior: echoics, mands, tact

27

who and what re: social interactionism theory

vygotsky; language function (not structure) from social interactions

28

who and what re: cognitive theory

piaget; cognition: 4 stages: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, formal operations

29

piaget's stages info: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete, formal

sensorimotor: means-end behavior, symbolic play, object permanence; preoperational: egocentric, over/under extensions; concrete: others POV; formal: abstract thinking and reasoning

30

who and what re: nativist theory

chomsky; LAD; innate capacity to learn language; reinforcement unnecessary- why?