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cathy's COMPS/Praxis > Neuro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neuro Deck (22):
1

loss of previously acquired reading skills

alexia

2

loss of writing skills

agraphia

3

impaired understanding of certain stimuli- pt's can see, feel, and hear stimuli but cannot understand meaning

agnosia

4

dysarthria, damage to cerebellar system

ataxic

5

dysarthria, damage to motor units of cranial/spinal nerves

flaccid

6

dysarthrias, damage to basal ganglia

hyperkinetic and hypokinetic

7

dysarthria, bilateral damage to upper motor neurons

spastic

8

dysarthria, unilateral damage to upper motor neurons

UUMN

9

ataxic

artic and prosody errors (bc poor timing and coordination)

less fatigued than flaccid and spastic

10

flaccid

WEAK respiration, VF's, velum

so breathy and hypernasal

deficits:
automatics (breathing)

reflexive (coughing)

voluntary (speech)

11

hyperkinetic

excess loudness

irregular breakdowns

voice tremor

12

hypokinetic

monotone

masked face

hoarse

breathy

resting tremor

13

spastic

hyper adducted VF's so harsh, pitch breaks

14

2 most common forms of mixed dysarthrias

flaccid-spastic
ataxic-spastic

15

acquired neurological syndrome; progressive deterioration in intellectual functions, judgement, thinking, visuospatial skills, constructional abilities, language, memory, emotion, and behavior

dementia

16

RHD

anosognosia

prosopagnosia

confabulation

attention deficits

disorientation

17

dysarthria or apraxia: all components of speech affected

dysarthria

18

dysarthria or apraxia: groping

apraxia

19

dysarthria or apraxia: consistent errors

dysarthria

20

dysarthria or apraxia: artic and prosody affected most

apraxia

21

dysarthria or apraxia: which is usually associated with aphasia?

apraxia

22

5 stages of grief

denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance