Language disorders in CH Flashcards Preview

cathy's COMPS/Praxis > Language disorders in CH > Flashcards

Flashcards in Language disorders in CH Deck (49):
1

CH with language disorders have limited ____ and deficits in....

language;
deficits in grammar, verbal/non-verbal social communication, literacy, and cognition

2

CH with SLI exhibit impairment specific to _____

language

3

SLI compared to TD

no known etiology
intelligence and language development comparable to TD

4

1 major explanation of SLI: normal variations in:

linguistic skills but CH with SLI at lower end

5

2nd major explanation of SLI: underlying deficits in:

cognitive, auditory, perceptual, and intellectual functions

6

neurological explanation of SLI: deficits where?

language-specific areas (Heschl's gyrus, asymmetrical planum temporal) and frontal lobe

7

SLI language deficits

diff. abstract words and narratives
late talkers
overextend words
phonological problems (phonological processes)
poor pragmatics
word finding difficulties

8

SLI speech deficits

artic errors
shorter utterances
telegraphic speech

9

order of mention

CH follows directions in order they were mentioned, without actually listening to what was said (before you do x, do y: CH does x because it was said/heard first)

10

executive functioning includes these 6 things

speed of processing
attention
working memory
emotional control
task shifting
planning/organizing

11

CH with ID have deficits in

cognition
semantics
syntax
morphology

12

ASD intelligence vs. Asperger's intelligence

ASD: below-average intelligence (IQ 70 or below)
Asperger's: higher intelligence (IQ 70 or above)

13

SCERTS model stands for what?

SC: Social Communication
ER: Emotional Regulation
TS: Transactional Supports (visual, environmental accommodations)

14

hemiplegia

one side of body paralyzed

15

paraplegia

only legs/lower trunk paralyzed

16

monoplegia

only one limb paralyzed

17

diplegia

two legs or two arms paralyzed

18

quadriplegia

all four limbs paralyzed

19

ataxic CP

diff. with balance, gait, movement

20

athetoid CP

slow, involuntary movements

21

spastic CP

increased tone, rigidity of muscles

22

most common type of CP

spastic

23

which is more critical to language development: SES status or ethnic background?

SES, especially mother's educational level

24

name the condition:
pre/post natal growth problems, CNS dysfunction, abnormal craniofacial features, malformations of major organs

FASD

25

ADHD: difficulties in 2 major areas

inattention
hyperactivity/impulsivity

26

1 or 2 morphemes: -ed and -ing

2

27

1 or 2 morphemes: compound words: birthday, hotdog

1

28

1 or 2 morphemes: recurrences of words (no, no, no) and ritualized reduplications (night-night)

1

29

1 or 2 morphemes: proper names

1

30

1 or 2 morphemes: -s, -'s

2

31

TTR: type token ratio formula

# of different words in sample over # of total words in sample

32

discrete trials

show picture, ask Q, model correct response (say "cup"), reinforce or correct response

33

name the behavioral technique:
prompts faded out over time

fading

34

name the behavioral technique:
promptly providing positive feedback

immediate, response-contingent feedback

35

name the behavioral technique:
complex response broken down into smaller parts

shaping

36

name the behavioral technique:
when you see two of these, say cups

instructions

37

name the behavioral technique:
hinting: here is 1 cup, here are 2....

prompting

38

name the behavioral technique:
modeling correct production

modeling

39

name the behavioral technique:
physical assistance to produce a response

manual guidance

40

expansion or extension?
expand utterance into more grammatically complete sentence

expansion

41

expansion or extension?
"doggy bark"
yes, the doggy is barking

expansion

42

expansion or extension?
comment and ADD new/relevant info

extension

43

expansion or extension?
"play ball"
yes, you are playing with the big, red ball

extension

44

name the type of milieu teaching:
adult waits for CH to initiate response, pays attention to stimulus, prompts when necessary, praises and provides stimulus to CH

incidental teaching

45

name the type of milieu teaching:
stimulus, naturalistic situation, joint attention, tell me what you want...

mand-model

46

name the type of milieu teaching:
clinician waits for CH to initiate verbal response to stimuli that are separated by time

time delay

47

name the term:
comment upon what CH is doing/interested in

parallel talk

48

name the term:
CH's sentence repeated in modified form (from statement to question)

recasting

49

name the term:
"I am putting the doggie in the barn"

self-talk