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cathy's COMPS/Praxis > Voice > Flashcards

Flashcards in Voice Deck (65):
1

what is the opening between VF's called?

glottis

2

primary CN innervates larynx

X vagus

3

other 2 nerves that innervate larynx

superior laryngeal nerve and recurrent laryngeal nerve

4

what is maximum phonation time (MPT)?

client's ability to sustain "ah"

5

perceptual correlate of frequency is ____

pitch

6

perceptual correlate of intensity is ____

volume

7

pitch is determined by ____, ____, and ____ of VF's

mass, tension, elasticity

8

frequency perturbation or ______: variations in vocal ______

jitter; frequency

9

patients with voice problems such as ______ or ______ might show jitter

tremor; hoarseness

10

disturbances/movement in air particles is called ______

amplitude

11

amplitude or ______: cycle-to-cycle variation in vocal ______

shimmer; intensity

12

vocal quality: combo of breathiness and harshness from irregular VF vibrations

hoarseness

13

vocal quality: rough, unpleasant, "gravelly" sounding

harshness

14

harsh voice associated with muscular ____ and ____

effort

15

vocal quality: VF's slightly open, soft, with little variation in loudness

breathiness

16

vocal quality: VF's vibrate very slowly; voice: "crackly"

glottal fry

17

vocal quality: shrill, unpleasant, high pitched, and "tinny"

strident

18

tidal volume

amount of air inhaled and exhaled during normal breathing cycle

19

vital capacity

volume of air exhaled after max inhalation

20

total lung capacity

total volume of air in lungs

21

cul-de-sac resonance

backward retraction of tongue; oral cavity closed at back and open in front- blocking sound waves from larynx because back is blocked

22

supraglottic vs. glottic. vs. subglottic

above VF's, at level of VF's, below VF's

23

inflammatory vascular lesion on arytenoids; posterior; assoc with contact ulcers

granuloma

24

soft, pliable, filled with blood

hemangioma

25

precancerous benign growths of thick, whitish patches

leukoplakia

26

rough, pinkish lesion

hyperkeratosis

27

narrowing of subglottic space

subglottal stenosis

28

wart-like growths from HPV

papilloma

29

membrane that grows across anterior portion of glottis

laryngeal web

30

bilateral and symmetrical; anterior; small blister-like swellings; red/pink; inability to sing high

vocal nodules

31

SOFTER masses; filled with fluid; unilateral

polyps

32

ulcerated, granulated tissue; posterior third of glottal margin

contact ulcers

33

larynx: biological valve at top of trachea. it helps to do what?

close entry to trachea so food/liquid/particles don't enter lungs

34

larynx also builds what?

air pressure

34

reinke's edema

swelling of VF's

decreased vocal pitch (so more easily found in women)

smoking, GER, and vocal abuse causes it

can cause SOB if large enough

so quit smoking and treat GER

35

decreased/insufficient intraoral breath pressure

hypernasal

36

intrinsic muscles control what 3 things?

pitch, loudness, quality

37

primary function of extrinsic muscles are what 2 things?

support larynx and fix it in position

38

how many sets of intrinsic and extrinsic muscles?

1 set of intrinsic, 2 sets of extrinsic: suprahyoids and infrahyoids

40

extrinsic muscles: suprahyoids (elevate larynx)

Dig My Style Genie
(digastricus, mylohyoid, stylohyoid, geniohyoid)

41

extrinsic muscles: infrahyoids (pull larynx down)

TOSS
(thyrohyoid, omohyoid, sternohyoid, sternothyroid)

42

5 intrinsic muscles (CT ILP)

cricothyroid (tenses VF's)
thyroarytenoid (sound production)

interarytenoid (adducts VF's)
lateral cricoarytenoid (adducts VF's)
posterior cricoarytenoid (abducts VF's)

43

on what sounds is hypernasality found?

vowels, because of VPI

44

on what sounds is hyponasality found?

consonants, because of nasal air emissions

45

some qualities of describing voice

hoarse, harsh, strained, breathy, glottal fry, diplophonia, stridency

46

if disease is unilateral, this means voice will be what? and why? 1 example

diplophonia because one fold is vibrating at different rate than the other

polyps

47

name 4 voice disorders caused by vocal abuse

nodules, polyps, contact ulcers, reinke's edema

48

perceptual evaluation consists of 5 things (looking at 5 different things)

pitch

phonation

loudness

resonance

respiration

49

2 instrumental evaluations of voice pathologies

endoscopy: rigid (mouth) or flexible (nasal): structures

videostroboscopy: function by slowing down VF's

50

general treatments for voice disorders

education (increase awareness and better habits)

vocal hygiene, vocal rest, voice tx

medication

surgery

51

chromosome 15 is duplicated from father or deleted from mother

angleman syndrome

52

autosomal dominant mutations; syndactly and craniosynostosis

apert syndrome

53

absence of short arm of 5th chromosome (5p)

cri du chat

54

autosomal dominant inheritance; craniosynostosis, wide set eyes, bradycephaly

crouzon syndrome

55

extra chromosome 21

downs

56

expansion of nuclei acid CGG which repeats too often on FMRI gene

fragile X

57

autosomal recessive deficiency of X-L iduronidase

hurler's

58

mutations in FBN1 gene

marfan syndrome

59

failure of development of motor nuclei of cranial nerves

moebius syndrome

60

autosomal recessive inheritance; micrognathia, cleft soft palate, glossoptosis (tongue: posterior)

pierre robin

61

deletion in long arm of chromosome 15

prader willi

62

extra copy of chromosome 13

trisomy 13

63

missing/deformed X chromosome

turner syndrome in females, noonan syndrome in both

64

elfin-face syndrome

williams syndrome

65

autosomal dominant mutation

autosomal dominant inheritance

autosomal recessive inheritance

apert
crouzon
pierre robin