What is the definition of an aerodrome?
A defined area (including any buildings, installations and equipment) on land or water or on a fixed, fixed off-shore or floating structure intended to be used either wholly or in part for the arrival, departure and surface movement of aircraft.
What is the definition of an Apron?
A defined area on a land aerodrome, intended to accommodate aircraft for the purposes of loading or unloading passengers, mail or cargo, fuelling, parking or maintenance.
What is the definition of a manoeuvring area?
That part of an aerodrome to be used for the take-off, landing and taxiing of a/c. Excluding aprons.
EU 923/2012 and Cap 493
What is the definition of a runway?
A defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and tak-off of a/c.
Indicator is derived from the magnetic heading rounded to the nearest ten and abbreviated to two digits.
EU 923/2012 and CAP 493
Define a taxiway
A defined path on a land aerodrome established for the taxiing of a/c and intended to provide a link between one part of the aerodrome and another including;
-Rapid exit taxiways
What is an apron taxiway?
A portion of a taxiway system located on an apron and intended to provide a through taxi route across the apron.
What is a taxilane?
A portion of an apron designated as a taxiway and intended to provide acess to a/c stands only.
Define a rapid exit taxiway
A taxiway connected to a runway at an acute angle and designed to allow landing aeroplanes to turn off at higher speeds than are achieved on other exit taxiways thereby minimising runway occupancy times.
What considerations are there for runway selection?
- Surface wind (or 2,000ft wind)
- Traffic pattern
- Runway lengths, declared distances
- Availability of approach aids
- Maneouvring area serviceability
- Aerodrome lighting
What is the definition of a movement area?
That part of an aerodrome intended to be used for the surface movement of aircraft including the manoeuvring area, aprons and any part of the aerodrome provided for the maintenance of aircraft.
What are the two mandatory position reports in the circuit?
Downwind (at the upwind end of the runway)
What are the different types of aerodromes?
- Military (sometimes called government)
- International Aerodromes (those that have customs based there for foreign flights)
- Regional aerodromes (commercial flights within the same territory).
Define a Danger Area
Airspace of defined dimensions within which activities dangerous to the flight of aircraft may exist at specified times.
Invariably military in nature.
Define a restricted area.
Airspace of defined dimensions, above the land or territorial waters of a state, within which the flight of aircraft is restricted in accordance with certain specified conditions.
Define a prohibited area.
Airspace of defined dimensions, above the land or territorial waters of a state within which the flight or aircraft is prohibited.
What is small arms range?
A range where smalls arm firing takes place, this is not normally hazardous to aircraft but they are still advised to remain above 500ft above these.
What are air to air refueling areas.
Large areas where air to air refueling takes place.
Define an Aerial Tactics Area.
Airspace of defined dimensions designated for air combat training within which high energy manoeuvres are practiced by aircraft formations.
Pilots of non reporting aircraft that are forced to travel through these areas must maintain a good look out.
Define a Military Training Area.
An area of upper airspace of defined dimensions within which intense military flying training takes place.
It is not possible to provide civil air traffic control service in MTA's during published hours.
Define a HIRTA
High Intensity Radio Transmission Area
Airspace of defined dimensions within which there is radio energy of an intensity which may cause interference with, and on rare occasions damage to, communications and navigation equipment.
What is an AIAA?
Area of intense aerial activity
Airspace of defined dimensions within which aircraft, either singly or in combination with others, regularly participate in unusual manoeuvres.
Where would pilots obtain details of activity of danger, prohibited areas etc?
From the ATSU.
What are the scales for aeronautical charts?
Aeronautical Charts ICAO= 1:500,000
Topographical Charts= 1:250,000
What is the definition of a holding procedure?
A predetermined maneouvre which keeps an aircraft within a specified airspace whilse awaiting further clearance.
Describe a standard holding pattern.
What is a holding fix?
A point over a NAV aid or defined as an intersection of VOR radials or as a VOR/DME position.
What the hold is based on.
What is the holding axis?
The required inbound track to the holding fix. If this is defined by VOR radials, then the axis must lie on one of the radials although it may be orientated towards or away from the relevant VOR.
What is the standard time measurement for each holding leg?
increases to 1.5 minutes above 14,000ft
What is the standard turn rate in a holding pattern?
3°/sec or 25° of bank, whichever of these requires the lower angle of bank.
Are holding pattern legs limited only by time?
They may also be limited by DME ranges or VOR radials.