Flashcards in Lecture 1 Deck (99)
Human Behavior Ecology examines how -- factors influence and shape behavioral flexibility within and between populations
ecological and social
-- is the result of complex interaction between biology and environment
HBE assumes behavior is quite --
behavior is -- dependent
the study of human adaptation to the social and physical environment
evolution and adaptive design in ecological context
-- are the theoretical underpinnings of HBE
cultural ecology and ethology
nature of human activity controlled by parameters of physical world
determinists view humans as -- agents
the environment sets some constraints but cultural diversity is largely determined by man's actions
possibilists view humans as -- agents
cultural ecology lacks a strong -- from which to derive hypotheses
cultural ecology is mainly --
the study of ethology became prominent in the --
ethology, study of animal behavior focused on -- behavior
shared the nobel prize in Physiology with von Frisch for their work on social behavior patterns in animals
Tinbergen and Lorenz
Tinbergen's Question: What are the mechanisms that -- behavior?
Tinbergen's Question: How does the behavior -- in the individual?
Tinbergen's Question: How has the behavior -- How does the behavior compare to that found in related species?
Tinbergen's Question: What is the survival value of the behavior?
-- cause is what enables the organism to manifest the behavior
-- cause is how and why the behavior came to be
Cultural ecology and Theory of Culture Change
Why does ecology affect behavior?
proximate cause is the -- mechanism or stimulus that initiates or triggers a pattern of behavior
What causes birds to fly south for the winter? They sense and respond to environmental cues such as shortened day length
What causes birds to fly south for the winter? There is more food further south in the winter
ultimate cause is the explanation that reveals the -- of a trait
What are the mechanisms that cause declines in fertility? -- cause