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Flashcards in Lecture 2 Deck (96)
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1

human anomaly: humans can master --, technology, modify environments, and developed culture beyond survival

various environments

2

language is limited to vocabulary recognition not --

grammar

3

T/F: primitive tool use in chimps

true

4

food sharing in the wild is quite --

limited

5

experimental games show limited -- tendencies among chimps

pro-social

6

one fundamental trait that sets humans apart: extensive reliance on -- resulting in cumulative culture

social learning

7

one fundamental trait that sets humans apart: extraordinary cooperation between -- including specialization, trade and complex alliance networks

non-kin

8

-- is information stored in brains, institutions, and material goods that is transmitted socially and influences behavior

culture

9

T/F: particular units of culture (ideas, trends) change in frequency over time

true

10

other species have learned and regionally -- but these are thought to be qualitatively different from human culture

specific traditions

11

the ability to display increasing complex behaviors built on prior socially transmitted info

cumulative cultural adaptation

12

modifications and improvements are transferred faithfully until further changes -- things up again

ratchet

13

humans focus on -- as much as or more than product

process

14

T/F: children tend to "over-imitate"

true

15

T/F: teaching is common in humans but rare in other species

true

16

human imitation extends to -- and emotions (e.g. altruistic or pro-social tendencies)

behaviors

17

humans have -- in their learning

biases (i.e. prestige bias)

18

key components of human culture are -- learned norms and behaviors

socially

19

culturally specific rules about behavior are --

universal

20

T/F: kin cooperation is common in many species

true

21

the ability to cooperate with large numbers of unrelated individuals

ultrasociality

22

economist predictions that humans should be self-interested (or at least only interested in self and kin) -- supported in many instances

fail to be

23

a structure or property that developed in an ancestral stock and was useful in a descendant in a changed environment

pre-adaptation

24

example of preadaptation: the ability to understand the knowledge or beliefs of others

theory of mind

25

chimps probably have theory of mind and some facets of social learning (imitation) and yet they did not evolve the -- that humans have

cultural complexity

26

T/F: bipedalism is a human pre-adaptation

true

27

bipedalism allows for coverage of -- geographical ranges

expansive

28

H-G daily home ranges -- that of chimps

2-3 times more

29

bipedalism led to exposure to greater -- variability

environmental

30

bipedalism favors -- for social learning

selection