Lecture 2: Anterior Medial Thigh Flashcards Preview

04. MSK Exam 2 Final > Lecture 2: Anterior Medial Thigh > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 2: Anterior Medial Thigh Deck (83)
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1

What is it called when a patellar reflex is absent?

Westphal's Sign

2

Sartorius Muscle

What are its actions?

1. Flex the hip

2. Abduct Hip

3. Laterally Rotate Thigh

4. Flex the leg at the knee

 

Think of Captain Morgan Pose

3

What septum separates the Anterior and Posterior Compartments of the Thigh?

Lateral Intermuscular Septum

4

Rectus Femoris Muscle

What is its innervation and blood supply?

Innervation: Femoral Nerve

Blood Supply: Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery

5

Adductor Brevis Muscle

What is its action?

1. Adducts thigh

2. Assists in flexion of hip

6

Pectineus Muscle

What are its attachments?

Origin: Superior Pubic Ramus 

Insertion: Pectineal Line of the Femur

7

What separates the Anterior and Medial Compartments of the Thigh?

Medial Intermuscular Septum

8

What septum is contiguous with the Iliotibial Tract?

The Lateral Intermuscular Septum

9

Adductor Longus Muscle

What are its attachments?

Origin: Body of Pubis inferior to Pubic Crest

Insertion: Middle 1/3 of the linea aspera 

10

Psoas Major Muscle

What is the innervation and blod supply?

Innervation: L1-L3 Ventral Rami

Blood Supply: Iliolumbar Artery

11

Hamstring Portion of Adductor Magnus Muscle

What is its action?

1. Adducts Thigh

2. Extends Thigh

 

12

Gracilis Muscle

What are its attachments?

Origin: Inferior Pubic Ramus and body of pubis

Insertion: Pes Anserinus

13

Gracilis Muscle

What is its innervation and blood supply?

Innervation: Obturator Nerve

Blood Supply: Obturator Artery

14

Hamstring Portion of Adductor Magnus Muscle

What is its innervation and blood supply?

Innervation: Tibial Branch of the Sciatic Nerve

Blood Supply: Deep Femoral Artery

15

Adductor Portion of the Adductor Magnus Muscle

What is its attachments?

Origin: Inferior Ramus of Pubis and Ramus of Ischium

Insertion: Gluteal tuberosity, linea aspera, medial supracondylar line; 

 

16

Adductor Portion of the Adductor Magnus Muscle

What is its innervation and blood supply?

Innervation: Obturator Nerve

Blood Supply: Deep Femoral Artery

17

Psoas Major Muscle

What are its attachments?

Origin: Transverse process of lumbar vertebrae and vertebral bodies of T12-L5

Insertion: Lesser Trochanter of Femur

18

What two compartments of the Thigh do not have a septum between them?

The Posterior and Medal Compartments

19

Articularis Genu Muscle

What is its action?

Tightens caupsule of knee during leg extension

20

Adductor Portion of the Adductor Magnus Muscle

What is its action?

1. Adduction of Thigh

2. Flexion of the Thigh

21

Where is the Patellar Ligament found?

 

Where is the Patellar Tendon found?

Patellar Tendon: Superior to Patella, connecting it to Quadriceps Muscles

 

Patellar Ligament Inferior to Patella, connecting it to Tibial Tuberosity

22

What is Osgood Schlatter Disease?

Inflammation of the area just below the knee where patellar tendon attaches to the shinbone

-Most common in children where running/jumpin can pull Patellar Ligament causing a slight (incomplete) avulsion of the Tibial Tuberosity.

-Osteogenesis can lead to a bony growth at the location of the avulsion.

23

What spinal roots give rise to the Femoral Nerve?

L2-L4

24

What does the Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve innervate?

What spinal roots contribute to it?

Sensory anterior and lateral thigh 

L2 and L3 

25

What is Hilton's Law?

A joint is innervated by the same nerves that supply the uscles that move the joint and supply the skin over joint

26

Sartorius Muscle

What is its innervation and blood supply?

Innervation: Femoral Nerve

Blood Supply: Profunda Femoris Artery and Saphenous Branch of Descending Genicular Artery

27

Iliacus Muscle

What are its actions?

1. Flexes thigh 

2. Stabilizes Acetabulofemoral joint 

28

Sartorius Muscle

What are its attachments?

Origin: ASIS

Insertion: Pes Anserinus (proximal end of tibia)

29

Adductor Brevis Muscle

Origin

Origin: Body and Inferior Pubic Ramus

Insertion: Pectineal Line and Proximal Linea Aspera

30

The Superficial Lymph Node does not drain what superficial lower extremity structure?

What structure does drain it?

Dorsolateral foot and Posterior Calf

Popliteal Lymph Nodes