Lecture J Flashcards Preview

Nutrition and Physical Performance > Lecture J > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture J Deck (15):
1

Female athlete triad

1. Energy availability
2. Bone mineral density
3. Menstrual function

2

Most negative health effects seen

30kcal/kg FFM

3

bone strength and risk of fracture depend on

density of bone
internal structure of bone mineral
quality of bone protein

4

T/F

fracture rate doubles for each reduction of one standard deviation in BMD

T

5

Hypoestrpogenism causes increase in

LDL

6

T/F

in athlete, calorie deficit due to exercise
does NOT increase hunger

T

7

in postmenopausal women, primary cause of osteoporosis
is

Estrogen deficiency

8

Estrogen deficiency increases

Bone resorption.

9

osteoporosis can also occur secondary to other medical
conditions:

Hypogonadal states
Hyperthyrodism
Nutritional deficiencies 8

10

Low BMD combination of

Estrogen deficiency
Chronic under nutrition

11

2 anti-osteopenia hormones

Leptin
Cortisol

12

OCP will normalize menstrual cycles

T

13

OCP will normalize metabolic factors that impair bone formation, health and performance

F
Will NOT

14

T/F
OCP will probably minimize BMD losses

T

15

Why is exercise good for diabetics

increased insulin sensitivity
improved glucose transport
reduced HR and BP at rest
maintenance of LBM and weight reduction (if necessary)