Legal and Ethical Flashcards Preview

Northview HOSA Bowl 2015 > Legal and Ethical > Flashcards

Flashcards in Legal and Ethical Deck (26):
1

Abuse

Any care that results in physical harm or pain, or mental anguish

2

Agent

Someone who has the power or authority to act as the representative of another

3

Assault and Battery

includes a threat or attempt to injure, and includes the unlawful touching of another person without consent

4

Civil Law

law concerned with private wrongs against individuals

5

Confidentiality

Not to be shared or told; to be held in confidence, or kept to oneself

6

Contract

To shorten, decrease in size, or draw together; an agreement between two or more persons

7

Criminal Law

the body of law dealing with crimes and their punishment

8

Defamation

Slander or libel; a false statement that causes ridicule or damage to a reputation

9

Durable Power of Attorney (POA)

document that permits an individual to appoint another person to make any decisions regarding health care if the principal should become unable to make decisions

10

Ethics

Principles of right or good conduct

11

False Imprisonment

Restraining an individual or restricting an individual's freedom.

12

Health Care Records

are also considered privileged communications such records contain information about the care provided to the patient

13

Informed Consent

Permission granted voluntarily by a person who is of sound mind and aware of all factors involved

14

Invasion of Privacy

Revealing personal information about an individual without his or her consent

15

Legal

Authorized or based on law

16

Legal Directives

legal documents that allow individuals to stae what medical treatment they want or do not want in the event they become incapacitated

17

Legal Disability

A condition in which a person does not have legal capacity and is therefore unable to enter into a legal agreement

18

Libel

False written statement that causes a person ridicule or contempt or causes damage to the person's reputation

19

Living Wills

A legal document stating whether a person desires on what measures should or should not be taken to prolong life when his or her condition is terminal

20

Malpractice

Providing improper or unprofessional treatment or care that results in injury to another person

21

Negligence

Failure to give care that is normally expected, resulting in injury to another person

22

Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA)

legislation requiring that every competent adult be informed in writing upon admission to a health care institution about his or her rights to accept or refuse medical care and to use advance directives

23

Patients' Rights

factors of care that patients can expect to receive

24

Privileged Communications

All personal information given to health personnel by a patient; must be kept confidential

25

Slander

Spoken comment that causes a person ridicule or contempt or damages the person's reputation

26

Torts

A wrongful or illegal act of civil law not involving a contract