Nutrition and Diets Flashcards Preview

Northview HOSA Bowl 2015 > Nutrition and Diets > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition and Diets Deck (35):
1

absorption

act or process of sucking up or in; taking in of nutrients

2

anorexia

loss of appetite

3

atherosclerosis

form of arteriosclerosis characterized by accumulation of fats or mineral deposits on the inner walls of the arteries

4

basal metabolic rate

the amount of energy needed to maintain life when the subject is at complete rest

5

bland diet

diet containing only mild-flavored foods with soft textures

6

calorie

unit of measurement of the fuel value of food

7

calorie-controlled diets

diet in which the number and types of carbohydrates are restricted or limited

8

carbohydrates

group of chemical substances including sugars, cellulose, and starches; nutrient that provide the greatest amount of energy in the average diet

9

cellulose

fibrous form of carbohydrate

10

cholesterol

A steroid that forms an essential component of animal cell membranes and acts as a precursor molecule for the synthesis of other biologically important steroids.

11

diabetic diet

an unconscious condition caused by an increased level of glucose and ketones in the bloodstream of a person with diabetes mellitus

12

digestion

physical and chemical breakdown of food by the body in preparation for absorption

13

essential nutrients

those elements in food required by the body for proper function

14

fat-restricted diets

diet with limited amounts of fats, or lipids

15

fats

also called a lipid; nutrient that provides the most concentrated form of energy; highest-calorie energy nutrient; overweight

16

hypertension

high blood pressure

17

kilocalorie

unit used to measure the energy value of food

18

liquid diets

include both clear liquids and full liquids. Both are nutritionally inadequate and should be used only for short periods of time

19

low-cholesteroal diet

diet that restricts foods high in saturated fat

20

low-residue diet

diet that limits foods containing large amounts of residue, or indigestibles

21

malnutrition

poor nutrition; without adequate food and nutrition

22

metabolism

the use of food nutrients by the body to produce energy

23

minerals

inorganic substances essential to life

24

nutrition

all body processes related to food; the body's use of food for growth, development, and health

25

nutritional status

the state of one's nutrition

26

osteoporosis

condition in which bones become porous and brittle because of lack or loss of calcium, phosphorus, and other minerals

27

peristalsis

rhythmic; wavelike motion of involuntary muscles

28

protein diets

low and high protein; increasing or decreasing protein depending on the patient

29

proteins

one of six essentials nutrients needed for growth and repair of tissues

30

regular diet

is a balanced diet usually used for the patient with no dietary restrictions

31

sodium-restricted diets

special diet containing low or limited amounts of sodium

32

soft diet

special diet containing only foods that are soft in texture

33

therapeutic diets

diet used in the treatment of disease

34

vitamins

organic substances necessary for body processes and life

35

wellness

state of being in good health; well