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Neuro Block 3 > Lesions and Respiration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesions and Respiration Deck (21):
1

What causes Cheyne-Stokes breathing?

in what patients do you see this?

 

bilateral forebrain lesions

terminally ill

2

When do you see hyperapnea with alternating apnea?

with bilateral damage to forebrain

3

what kind of breathing is this?

Q image thumb

Cheyne-Stokes breathing

4

where is this lesion?

what will it cause?

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this is a bilateral forebrain lesion

causes hyperapnea alternating with apnea

5

When do you see central neurogenic hyperventilation?

when there is damage to:

  • periaqueductal gray matter
  • Reticular formation in Midbrain or upper Pons

6

what is this type of breathing?

Q image thumb

Central neurogenic hyperventilation

7

where is this lesion?

what will this cause?

Q image thumb

this is damage to the periaqueductal gray matter and reticular formation of the midbrain

 

will lead to central neurogenic hyperventilation

8

where is this lesion?

what will this cause?

Q image thumb

this is damage to periaqueductal gray matter and upper pons

Apneic breathing

9

How do you describe central neurogenic hyperventilation?

  Sustained, rapid, deep hyperapnea.

10

how do you describe Cheyne-Stokes breathing?

hyperapnea alternating with apnea

11

what type of breathing is this?

Q image thumb

Apneic breathing

12

where is this damage?

what will you see because of it?

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damage of dorsolateral tegmentum of the Pons

 

you see Apneic breathing

13

how do you describe apenic breathing?

prolonged inspiration and prolonged expiration

14

when do you see cluster breathing?

how do you describe cluster breathing?

midpontine damage

 3-5 rapid, deep breaths followed by periods of apnea

15

what type of breathing is this?

Q image thumb

cluster breathing

16

where is this damage?

what type of breathing will you see?

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 midpontine

cluster breathing

17

where is this damage?

what type of breathing will you see with it?

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Caudal Pons

ataxic breathing

18

where is this damage?

what type of breathing will you see?

Q image thumb

rostral medulla

ataxic breathing

19

what is another name for ataxic breathing?

Biot

20

what type of breathing do you see here?

when do you see this?

Q image thumb

resp. distress

damage to ventrolateral medulla or caudal medulla

21

what damage do you see here?

what type of breathing do see here?

Q image thumb

damage to descending axons in the caudal medulla

resp. distress