Lesson 1 Flashcards Preview

Spanish Level 1 > Lesson 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 1 Deck (52)
Loading flashcards...
Translate to Spanish.


un niño

boy - un niño (or muchacho, or chico). Note that masculine nouns usually end in -o, and use the indefinite article un.

Translate to Spanish.

a girl

una niña

girl - una niña (or muchacha, or chica). Note that feminine nouns usually end in -a, and use the indefinite article una. In this case, the change from -o to -a results in a completely different word in English (from "boy" to "girl").

Translate to Spanish.

a man

un hombre

Translate to Spanish.

a handsome man

un hombre guapo

handsome - guapo. Note that adjectives in Spanish usually come after the noun

Translate to Spanish.

a good-looking girl

una niña guapa

good looking (female) - guapa. Note that the adjective's gender is feminine (ending in -a) to match the gender of the noun

Translate to Spanish.

a pretty girl

una niña bonita

cute/pretty - bonita

Translate to Spanish.

the man

el hombre

the (masculine) - el. Note that the article must match the noun in gender. El is used for masculine nouns

Translate to Spanish.

the girl

la niña

the (feminine) - la. Note that la is the article used for feminine nouns

Translate to Spanish.

the woman

la mujer

woman- la mujer

Translate to Spanish.

the men

los hombres

the (plural, masculine) - los. Note that the article matches the noun in gender and number. Also note that los is the plural form of the article el. Masculine plural nouns usually end in -es and -os, while female plurals end in-as

Translate to Spanish.

the pretty girls

las niñas bonitas

the (plural, feminine ) - las. Note that the adjective (bonitas) matches the noun (niñas) in both number and gender

Translate to Spanish.

to be


to be - ser.  Note that ser is an irregular verb in Spanish, and is one of the most commonly used verbs. The other way of saying "to be" is the verb estar, which we will learn more about later

Translate to Spanish.

The man is handsome

El hombre es guapo

he/she/it is - es.  Es is the third-person singular in the present tense of the verb ser - "to be."

Translate to Spanish.

She is an enthusiastic teacher

Ella es una maestra entusiasta

teacher - el maestro, la maestra


What is the difference between the words el and él?

  • el is the definite masculine article "the"
  • él is the third person singular masculine pronoun "he"

Translate to Spanish.

The boy is a student

El niño es un estudiante

student - el/la estudiante. Note that estudiante is a fixed noun whose ending does not vary according to gender

Translate to Spanish.

I am a student

(Yo) soy una estudiante

I am - soy. Note that the subject pronoun yo ("I") is optional in Spanish. It is usually preferable to say simply: "Soy una estudiante." For masculine uses, say 'un' and for feminine uses, say 'una'.

Translate to Spanish.

I am tall

Yo soy alto

tall - alto/a

Translate to Spanish.

Is he tall?

¿Es alto (él)?

Note that the pronoun (él) often comes after the adjective (alto) in a question, and is usually optional anyway

Translate to Spanish.

Who am I?

¿Quién soy (yo)?

Remember that in Spanish, the pronoun (yo) can be omitted

Translate to Spanish.

you (informal and formal)

tú (informal), usted (formal)

The word tú is usually used with friends and children, while usted (abbreviated Ud.) is used for more formal relationships or to show seniority

Translate to Spanish.

You are (tú) handsome (masculine)

eres guapo

you are - eres.  If this sentence had been for "You (formal)", then the Spanish translation would have been Usted es guapo.

Translate to Spanish.

Is she short?

¿Es baja (ella)?

short - bajo. Note that the pronoun ("ella") is optional in a question, as long as it is clear who is being spoken about

Translate to Spanish.

We are boys

Somos niños

we are - somos

Translate to Spanish.

Is (it) a boy?

¿Es un niño?

In Spanish, the word "it" really doesn't exist, because even common nouns are given a gender. The word "it" is usually omitted where it would otherwise be in English

Translate to Spanish.

We are fun

(Nosotros) somos divertidos

fun - divertido. Remember that in Spanish, the adjective must agree with the noun in gender and quantity. Since the noun nosotros is masculine and plural, the adjective divertidos must be plural

Translate to Spanish.

We are women

Nosotras somos mujeres

we - nosotros, nosotras.  Note that the form of the word "we" varies depending on the genders of the group members. A mixed group of males & females would use the masculine nosotros

Translate to Spanish.

They are men

(Ellos) son hombres

they are - son

Translate to Spanish.

The children are tall

Los niños son altos

Note that in Spanish, a plural noun ending in -os can mean either all masculine nouns, or a mix of masculine and feminine nouns. When specifying a feminine only group, one must add -as, as in niñas

Translate to Spanish.

a book

un libro

book - el libro