Lesson 1 Flashcards Preview

Spanish Level 1 > Lesson 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 1 Deck (52)


un niño

boy - un niño (or muchacho, or chico). Note that masculine nouns usually end in -o, and use the indefinite article un.


a girl

una niña

girl - una niña (or muchacha, or chica). Note that feminine nouns usually end in -a, and use the indefinite article una. In this case, the change from -o to -a results in a completely different word in English (from "boy" to "girl").


a man

un hombre


a handsome man

un hombre guapo

handsome - guapo. Note that adjectives in Spanish usually come after the noun


a good-looking girl

una niña guapa

good looking (female) - guapa. Note that the adjective's gender is feminine (ending in -a) to match the gender of the noun


a pretty girl

una niña bonita

cute/pretty - bonita


the man

el hombre

the (masculine) - el. Note that the article must match the noun in gender. El is used for masculine nouns


the girl

la niña

the (feminine) - la. Note that la is the article used for feminine nouns


the woman

la mujer

woman- la mujer


the men

los hombres

the (plural, masculine) - los. Note that the article matches the noun in gender and number. Also note that los is the plural form of the article el. Masculine plural nouns usually end in -es and -os, while female plurals end in-as


the pretty girls

las niñas bonitas

the (plural, feminine ) - las. Note that the adjective (bonitas) matches the noun (niñas) in both number and gender


to be


to be - ser.  Note that ser is an irregular verb in Spanish, and is one of the most commonly used verbs. The other way of saying "to be" is the verb estar, which we will learn more about later


The man is handsome

El hombre es guapo

he/she/it is - es.  Es is the third-person singular in the present tense of the verb ser - "to be."


She is an enthusiastic teacher

Ella es una maestra entusiasta

teacher - el maestro, la maestra


What is the difference between the words el and él?

  • el is the definite masculine article "the"
  • él is the third person singular masculine pronoun "he"


The boy is a student

El niño es un estudiante

student - el/la estudiante. Note that estudiante is a fixed noun whose ending does not vary according to gender


I am a student

(Yo) soy una estudiante

I am - soy. Note that the subject pronoun yo ("I") is optional in Spanish. It is usually preferable to say simply: "Soy una estudiante." For masculine uses, say 'un' and for feminine uses, say 'una'.


I am tall

Yo soy alto

tall - alto/a


Is he tall?

¿Es alto (él)?

Note that the pronoun (él) often comes after the adjective (alto) in a question, and is usually optional anyway


Who am I?

¿Quién soy (yo)?

Remember that in Spanish, the pronoun (yo) can be omitted


you (informal and formal)

tú (informal), usted (formal)

The word tú is usually used with friends and children, while usted (abbreviated Ud.) is used for more formal relationships or to show seniority


You are (tú) handsome (masculine)

eres guapo

you are - eres.  If this sentence had been for "You (formal)", then the Spanish translation would have been Usted es guapo.


Is she short?

¿Es baja (ella)?

short - bajo. Note that the pronoun ("ella") is optional in a question, as long as it is clear who is being spoken about


We are boys

Somos niños

we are - somos


Is (it) a boy?

¿Es un niño?

In Spanish, the word "it" really doesn't exist, because even common nouns are given a gender. The word "it" is usually omitted where it would otherwise be in English


We are fun

(Nosotros) somos divertidos

fun - divertido. Remember that in Spanish, the adjective must agree with the noun in gender and quantity. Since the noun nosotros is masculine and plural, the adjective divertidos must be plural


We are women

Nosotras somos mujeres

we - nosotros, nosotras.  Note that the form of the word "we" varies depending on the genders of the group members. A mixed group of males & females would use the masculine nosotros


They are men

(Ellos) son hombres

they are - son


The children are tall

Los niños son altos

Note that in Spanish, a plural noun ending in -os can mean either all masculine nouns, or a mix of masculine and feminine nouns. When specifying a feminine only group, one must add -as, as in niñas


a book

un libro

book - el libro


some books

unos libros

In Spanish, the singular article un becomes plural unos when the noun itself becomes plural. Unos translates loosely as "some"


a big book

un libro grande

big - grande


the big houses

las casas grandes

house - la casa. Note that casa is a feminine noun and carries the article la. All nouns in Spanish are either masculine or feminine, which is usually distinguishable by whether they end in -o or -a.


the letter (mail)

la carta

letter - la carta


a good book

un buen libro / un libro bueno

good - bueno. Note that in Spanish you have option of placing buen before the noun or bueno after the noun. (The feminine form, buena, is the same before or after the noun)


a good high school

una buena secundaria / una secundaria buena

high school - la (escuela) secundaria, el colegio. In some countries, colegio is used for all schools


Is it a good (elementary) school?

¿Es una buena escuela?

elementary school - la escuela. Escuela is usually the generic word for "school" if the type of school is unknown


You (ud) are a good teacher

Usted es un buen maestro

you are (formal) - es. Note that verbs used with usted are conjugated like those used with él and ella


you (plural), you all

ustedes (uds)

You all - ustedes. Ustedes is often abbreviated as simply uds. To indicate a group of all boys, use ellos. To indicate a group of all girls, use ellas.


I am American

Soy americano

American - americano. Note that nationalities are not capitalized in Spanish. Also remember that pronouns (e.g., yo) are optional in Spanish. Soy is the shorter way of saying Yo soy


You and I are American

y yo somos americanos

Remember that in Spanish, the adjective and noun form of adjectives like americano must agree with the gender and number of the pronoun/subject


You (uds) are girls

Ustedes son niñas

you (uds) are - son


They (fem) are nice

Ellas son simpáticas

nice - simpático


The tall boys are interesting

Los niños altos son interesantes

interesting - interesante.  Note that interesante is invariable in gender, but must match nouns in  number


Are you (uds) classmates?

¿Son compañeros (ustedes)?

classmate - el compañero, la compañera. The word compañero is often used to just mean "buddy" or "companion" outside a school setting as well


you (plural, Spain)


you (plural, Spain) - vosotros.  Note that vosotros is only used in informal contexts in Spain. In formal contexts in Spain, as well as in all circumstances in other countries, ustedes is used.


You (vosotros) are teachers

Vosotros sois maestros

you are (vosotros) - sois. Remember that vosotros verb forms are only used for informal situations in Spain. In any country, it is perfectly safe to use ustedes to mean "you all"


Name the Personal Pronouns in Spanish

  • I
  • you
  • he/she
  • we
  • you all
  • they


  • I - yo
  • you - tú / Ud. (formal)
  • he/she - él/ella
  • we - nosotros/nosotras
  • you all - vosotros/vosotras
  • they / you all - ellos/ellas/uds.


TO BE (ser)

  • I am
  • you are
  • he/she is 
  • we are
  • you all are
  • they are


  • yo soy
  • eres
  • él/ella/ud es
  • nosotros somos
  • vosotros sois
  • ellos/ellas/uds son




  • the (singular)
  • the (plural)

  • el/la
  • los/las



  • a (singular)
  • some (plural)

  • un/una (singular)
  • unos/unas (plural)


Pronounce the letters in the Spanish alphabet

a, b, c, ch, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, ll, m, n, ñ, o, p, q, r, rr, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z

Note that K and W are not really Spanish letters, but are in the alphabet to use in foreign words