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Flashcards in Lesson 1 Deck (52)
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1
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boy

un niño

boy - un niño (or muchacho, or chico). Note that masculine nouns usually end in -o, and use the indefinite article un.

2
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a girl

una niña

girl - una niña (or muchacha, or chica). Note that feminine nouns usually end in -a, and use the indefinite article una. In this case, the change from -o to -a results in a completely different word in English (from "boy" to "girl").

3
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a man

un hombre

4
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a handsome man

un hombre guapo

handsome - guapo. Note that adjectives in Spanish usually come after the noun

5
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a good-looking girl

una niña guapa

good looking (female) - guapa. Note that the adjective's gender is feminine (ending in -a) to match the gender of the noun

6
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a pretty girl

una niña bonita

cute/pretty - bonita

7
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the man

el hombre

the (masculine) - el. Note that the article must match the noun in gender. El is used for masculine nouns

8
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the girl

la niña

the (feminine) - la. Note that la is the article used for feminine nouns

9
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the woman

la mujer

woman- la mujer

10
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the men

los hombres

the (plural, masculine) - los. Note that the article matches the noun in gender and number. Also note that los is the plural form of the article el. Masculine plural nouns usually end in -es and -os, while female plurals end in-as

11
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the pretty girls

las niñas bonitas

the (plural, feminine ) - las. Note that the adjective (bonitas) matches the noun (niñas) in both number and gender

12
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to be

ser

to be - ser.  Note that ser is an irregular verb in Spanish, and is one of the most commonly used verbs. The other way of saying "to be" is the verb estar, which we will learn more about later

13
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The man is handsome

El hombre es guapo

he/she/it is - es.  Es is the third-person singular in the present tense of the verb ser - "to be."

14
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She is an enthusiastic teacher

Ella es una maestra entusiasta

teacher - el maestro, la maestra

15

What is the difference between the words el and él?

  • el is the definite masculine article "the"
  • él is the third person singular masculine pronoun "he"

16
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The boy is a student

El niño es un estudiante

student - el/la estudiante. Note that estudiante is a fixed noun whose ending does not vary according to gender

17
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I am a student

(Yo) soy una estudiante

I am - soy. Note that the subject pronoun yo ("I") is optional in Spanish. It is usually preferable to say simply: "Soy una estudiante." For masculine uses, say 'un' and for feminine uses, say 'una'.

18
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I am tall

Yo soy alto

tall - alto/a

19
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Is he tall?

¿Es alto (él)?

Note that the pronoun (él) often comes after the adjective (alto) in a question, and is usually optional anyway

20
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Who am I?

¿Quién soy (yo)?

Remember that in Spanish, the pronoun (yo) can be omitted

21
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you (informal and formal)

tú (informal), usted (formal)

The word tú is usually used with friends and children, while usted (abbreviated Ud.) is used for more formal relationships or to show seniority

22
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You are (tú) handsome (masculine)

eres guapo

you are - eres.  If this sentence had been for "You (formal)", then the Spanish translation would have been Usted es guapo.

23
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Is she short?

¿Es baja (ella)?

short - bajo. Note that the pronoun ("ella") is optional in a question, as long as it is clear who is being spoken about

24
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We are boys

Somos niños

we are - somos

25
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Is (it) a boy?

¿Es un niño?

In Spanish, the word "it" really doesn't exist, because even common nouns are given a gender. The word "it" is usually omitted where it would otherwise be in English

26
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We are fun

(Nosotros) somos divertidos

fun - divertido. Remember that in Spanish, the adjective must agree with the noun in gender and quantity. Since the noun nosotros is masculine and plural, the adjective divertidos must be plural

27
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We are women

Nosotras somos mujeres

we - nosotros, nosotras.  Note that the form of the word "we" varies depending on the genders of the group members. A mixed group of males & females would use the masculine nosotros

28
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They are men

(Ellos) son hombres

they are - son

29
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The children are tall

Los niños son altos

Note that in Spanish, a plural noun ending in -os can mean either all masculine nouns, or a mix of masculine and feminine nouns. When specifying a feminine only group, one must add -as, as in niñas

30
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a book

un libro

book - el libro