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What are the three types of infinitive verb endings in Spanish?

  • -ar as in hablar (to speak)
  • -er as in comer (to eat)
  • -ir as in vivir (to live)

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She is a student

Ella es una alumna

pupil, student - el alumno, la alumna. Remember that we can also say estudiante

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He is a student of Señora Ramos

Él es un estudiante de la Señora Ramos

of, from - de

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We are from the United States

Somos de los Estados Unidos

the United States - Los Estados Unidos (often abbreviated as los EEUU)

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He is Xavier's friend

Él es (un) amigo de Xavier

friend - el amigo, la amiga

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She studies

Ella estudia

he/she studies - estudia

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He studies a lot

Él estudia mucho

a lot - mucho

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I study a lot

Yo estudio mucho

I study - estudio

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You (ud) do not study a lot

Usted no estudia mucho

do not - no. Note that verbs are negated by simply adding the word no in front of them.

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You do not study

no estudias

you study - tú estudias

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All the girls study

Todas las niñas estudian

all - todos

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The girl studies every day

La niña estudia todos los días

every day - todos los días

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We do not study every day

Nosotros no estudiamos todos los días

we study - estudiamos

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You (vosotros) study a lot

Vosotros estudiáis mucho

you (vosotros) study - estudiáis

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They do not study

Ellos no estudian

they study - estudian

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  • I study
  • You study
  • He/She studies
  • We study
  • You all study
  • They study


  • Yo estudio
  • Tú estudias
  • Él/Ella/Ud estudia
  • Nosotros estudiamos
  • Vosotros estudiáis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds estudian


What are the endings of regular -ar verbs (such as estudiar) conjugated in the present tense?

Regular Present Tense -ar endings

  • -o (yo)
  • -as (tú)
  • -a (él)
  • -amos (nosotros)
  • -áis (vosotros)
  • -an (ellos)

Simply strip the -ar ending off of any regular infinitive, and apply the endings above

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I need an interesting book

Necesito un libro interesante

to need - necesitar.  Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar

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We walk every day

Nosotros caminamos todos los días

to walk - caminar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar

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Do you speak Spanish too?

¿Hablas español también?

too, also - también

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The woman buys eleven books

La mujer compra once libros

to buy - comprar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar 

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She studies mathematics

Ella estudia matemáticas

mathematics, math - las matemáticas, la mate. When talking about a general subject, you do not use an article before the subject. When talking about a specific subject you do (i.e. I study the history of Spain->Estudio la historia de España)

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The teacher teaches math

El maestro enseña matemáticas

to teach - enseñar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar 

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Señor Ramos teaches the lesson

El Señor (Sr.) Ramos enseña la lección

lesson - la lección. Note that señor is usually abbreviated Sr.

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por, para

for - por, para. Note that por and para are not interchangeable and have several uses that can mean different things in English.

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Is the book for me?

¿Es el libro para ?

me - . The word is used with certain prepositions such as para and a.  The simpler direct object pronoun me will be discussed in more detail later

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The letter is not for you

La carta no es para ti

you - ti. The word ti is used in the predicate of the sentence rather than . The simpler direct object te (which we have already seen in cases like ¿Cómo te llamas?) will be discussed in more detail later

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I study with the teacher (fem)

Yo estudio con la maestra

with - con

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They walk with me

Ellos caminan conmigo

with me - conmigo. Note that you cannot say *con mí*

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She needs to study with you

Ella necesita estudiar contigo

with you - contigo. Note that you cannot say *con ti*