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Flashcards in Lesson 5 Deck (46)
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Where are you?

¿(En) Dónde estás?

Where are you? - ¿(En) Dónde estás?

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Where are you going with a suitcase?

¿Adónde vas con una maleta?

(to) where? - ¿adónde?  Note that adónde literally means "to where" and must be used whenever you pair dónde with a direction or destination

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I am here

Estoy aquí

here - aquí

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Juan and I are on the street

Juan y yo estamos en la calle

street - la calle

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Adriana and Jimena are over here

Adriana y Jimena están acá

over here - acá. The distinction between aquí and acá varies by region. In some countries the words are used interchangeably

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We are in Mexico

Estamos en México

Mexico - México

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Are they in Spain?

¿Están en España?

Spain - España

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The math books are downstairs

Los libros de matemáticas están abajo

downstairs - abajo. In general, abajo means "below" or "down"

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They are upstairs

Ellos están arriba

upstairs - arriba. In general, arriba means "above" or "up"

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The building is in front of (i.e. across the street from) the university

El edificio está enfrente de la universidad

in front of - enfrente de. In some countries, people use the alternative frente a. Both enfrente de and frente a can be used to mean "across the street from"

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I am behind the door

Estoy detrás de la puerta

behind - detrás de

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The War never ends

La guerra nunca termina

war - la guerra

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Paloma is against the war

Paloma está en contra de la guerra

against - contra, en contra de

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Andrés is next to the pretty girl

Andrés está al lado de la niña bonita

next to - al lado de. Lado literally means "side", so al lado de can be translated as "to the side of"

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The chair is behind the table

La silla está detrás de la mesa

table - la mesa

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The books are on top of the table

Los libros están encima de la mesa

on top of - encima de

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María is there

María está allí

there - allí

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The building is not here, it is over there

El edificio no está aquí, está allá

over there - allá.  Note that allá connotates a more distant location than allí, although both translate to "there" in English

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The school is far from the house

La escuela está lejos de la casa

far from - lejos de

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I am with my teacher

Estoy con mi maestra

my - mi 

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I am with my parents

Estoy con mis padres

parents - los padres. Note that mi matches nouns in number

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a very big foot

un pie muy grande

foot - el pie

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We are standing

Estamos de pie

standing - de pie. Note that we can also say "standing" by using the adjective parado, derived from the verb pararse ("to stand up")

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We go to school on foot

Vamos al colegio a pie

on foot - a pie

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The teachers are on vacation

Los maestros están de vacaciones

vacation - las vacaciones. Note that vacaciones is always plural in Spanish, and that "on vacation" is de vacaciones

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You are among friends

Estás entre amigos

among - entre

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The number four is between numbers three and five

El número cuatro está entre los números tres y cinco

between - entre. Note that entre means both "between" and "among."

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José sells this chair and this pen

José vende esta silla y este bolígrafo

this - este, esta

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Alicia is studying art at the university.

Alicia está estudiando arte en la universidad.

studying- estudiando. Note that the spanish equivalent of "-ing" is ando or iendo depending on whether the infinitive ends in -ar or -er and -ir. This Present Progressive tense is always used with estar, not with ser

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Juan and Marcos are working at the library next to my university

Juan y Marcos están trabajando en la biblioteca al lado de mi universidad

working - trabajando