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Spanish Level 1 > 1.6 Lesson > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.6 Lesson Deck (108)
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My family is very big

Mi familia es muy grande

family - la familia

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My father is working upstairs

Mi padre está trabajando arriba 

father - el padre, el papá. Note that papá translates as "dad" and is a more affectionate way of saying padre

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My parents don't speak Spanish

Mis padres no hablan español

Note that mi becomes mis when the noun being modified (e.g. "parents") is plural

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Your dad is angry with you because you do not study

Tu papá está enojado contigo porque tú no estudias  

your - tu. Note that in the possessive, tu does not have an accent mark, although it is pronounced exactly the same as ("you") 


 What is the difference between the words and tu?

  • is the second person singular pronoun "you"
  • Tu is the second person singular possessive adjective "your"

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Does your mother speak English?

¿Habla tu madre inglés?

Note that Spanish does not have an equivalent helping verb to the English word "do". Instead, we simply begin the question with the conjugated verb, and place the subject directly after it

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Your brother is studying art at the university

Tu hermano está estudiando arte en la universidad

brother - el hermano

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My sister is a mathematics student at a university in Spain

Mi hermana es una estudiante de matemáticas en una universidad en España 

sister - la hermana

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Your (ud) brother is right there, in front of my tall sister

Su hermano está allí, en frente de mi hermana alta

Your (ud) - su

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My son is going to school with your (ud) son

Mi hijo está yendo a la escuela con su hijo

son - el hijo

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Your (ud) daughter is bored from so much studying

Su hija está aburrida de tanto estudiar

daughter - la hija

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My dad is a doctor

Mi papá es médico

doctor - el médico.  Note that in Spanish the indefinite article is not used after ser  when the noun is not modified. However, "My dad is an old doctor" would be Mi papá es un médico viejo

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His mother is not American; she is from México

Su madre no es americana; es de México

his, her - su. Note that both usted and él / ella pronouns take the possessive form su

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Her husband is a teacher; therefore he is busy teaching his students

Su esposo es maestro; entonces está ocupado enseñando a sus estudiantes

 husband - el esposo, el marido. Note that the possessive adjective su becomes plural (sus) when the noun it modifies is plural

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My wife is very good-looking

Mi esposa es muy guapa

wife - la esposa

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Come on, it's not hard

Vaya, no es difícil

come on - vaya

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Your sisters are running

Tus hermanas están corriendo

Remember that possessive adjectives always agree in number with the noun that they describe. Tu hermana becomes Tus hermanas

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Our house is way over there

Nuestra casa está allá

our - nuestro. Note that nuestro(a) agrees in both number and gender with the noun that it describes, not with the speaker's number or gender

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There are a lot of students in this classroom

Hay muchos estudiantes en esta clase

there is, there are - hay. Note that hay is the third person "impersonal" conjugation of the auxiliary verb haber, which we will learn more about later

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Our uncles are reading some very good books

Nuestros tíos están leyendo unos libros muy buenos

uncle - el tío

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Our aunts are angry because we do not go to college

Nuestras tías están enojadas porque no vamos a la universidad

aunt - la tía

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Your cousin (f.) is our friend

Tu prima es nuestra amiga

cousin - el primo, la prima

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The house over there is your (vosotros) house, right?

La casa allá es vuestra casa, ¿verdad?

your (de vosotros) - vuestro. Note that like nuestro(a), vuestro(a) also agrees with the noun that it describes in number and gender

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Is your grandfather sick?

¿Está enfermo tu abuelo?

grandfather- el abuelo

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Is it true that your grandmothers are writing letters from Spain?

¿Es verdad que tus abuelas están escribiendo cartas de España?

grandmother - la abuela

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Your (ud) grandson is a student that is learning a lot

Su nieto es un estudiante que está aprendiendo mucho

grandson - el nieto

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Is your (ud) granddaughter a student at the university?

¿Su nieta es estudiante en la universidad?

granddaughter - la nieta

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Your brother is writing his essays

Su hermano está escribiendo sus ensayos 

your (ellos) - su. Note that the same possessive pronoun su is used for él, ella, ud., ellos, ellas, and uds. It must always agree with the number of the noun it modifies: su ensayo becomes sus ensayos

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Their (ustedes) nephews are here in the United States

Sus sobrinos están aquí en los Estados Unidos

nephew - el sobrino

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Our nieces are sick so they are at home

Nuestras sobrinas están enfermas entonces están en casa

niece - la sobrina