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Flashcards in 1.7 Lesson Deck (127)
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1
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to begin

comenzar, empezar

to begin - comenzar, empezar. Note that both empezar and comenzar are irregular verbs that belong to the category of verbs that change their base from -e- to -ie

2
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I begin to write my book today

Hoy empiezo a escribir mi libro 

I begin - empiezo

3
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You begin your math class today

Hoy empiezas tu clase de matemáticas

you begin - empiezas. Note that hoy can also be placed at the end of the sentence, as it is in English, but serves as emphasis when used at the beginning of the sentence

4
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Pablo begins to take pictures of his family

Pablo empieza a tomar fotos de su familia

he/she begins - empieza

5
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You (usted) begin to run

Usted empieza a correr

you (ud) begin - empieza

6
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My dad and I begin to work in our house

Mi papá y yo empezamos a trabajar en nuestra casa

we begin - empezamos

7
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You (vosotros) begin your essays

Vosotros empezáis vuestros ensayos

you (vosotros) - empezáis

8
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You and Jaime begin (ustedes) your Spanish class

Tú y Jaime empiezan su clase de español

you (uds) begin - empiezan

9
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Rafa and Daniel begin to talk to Sandra

Rafa y Daniel empiezan a hablar con Sandra

they begin - empiezan

10
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TO BEGIN

  • I begin
  • You begin
  • He/She begins
  • We begin
  • You begin
  • They begin

EMPEZAR

  • Yo empiezo
  • empiezas
  • Él/Ella/Ud empieza
  • Nosotros empezamos
  • Vosotros empezáis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds empiezan

 

11
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José closes the door to his room

José cierra la puerta de su cuarto

to close - cerrar. Follows the same -e- to -ie- base change pattern as empezar

12
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My cousins lie to their parents

Mis primos mienten a sus padres

to lie - mentir. Follows the same -e- to -ie- base change pattern as empezar

13
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I think that your idea is very good

Pienso que tu idea es muy buena

to think - pensar. Follows the same -e- to -ie- base change pattern as empezar. Note that creo ("I believe") can also be used to mean "I think" when referring to an idea, but pienso is used when describing deeper reflection

14
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Rocío always thinks about you, Roberto

Rocío siempre piensa en ti, Roberto

to think about - pensar en

15
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I want a big house

Quiero una casa grande

to want - querer. Follows the same -e- to -ie- base change pattern as empezar

16
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I want that

Quiero eso

that - eso. Note that in Spanish, eso is gender neutral and is used for unidentified objects or abstract concepts

17
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I want this

Quiero esto

this - esto. Note that in Spanish, esto is gender neutral and is used for unidentified objects or abstract concepts

18
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I want that book

Quiero ese libro

that - ese, esa. When the object is known, we use the gender-specific adjective ese or esa before it, rather than the neutral pronoun eso

19
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Do they sell shoes at that store?

¿Venden zapatos en esa tienda?

store - la tienda

20
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These shoes are new

Estos zapatos son nuevos

new - nuevo

21
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We want this magazine

Queremos esta revista

this - este, esta. When the object is known, we use the gender-specific adjective este or esta before it, rather than the neutral pronoun esto

22
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You (plural) want to work in the United States

Ustedes quieren trabajar en los Estados Unidos

to want to ___ - querer + (infinitive)

23
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Miguel prefers my house to his house

Miguel prefiere mi casa a su casa

to prefer - preferir. Follows the same -e- to -ie- base change pattern as empezar. Note that the construction "I prefer this to that" is Prefiero esto a eso

24
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My little cousin (f.) does not understand when we speak Spanish

Mi primita no entiende cuando hablamos español

to understand - entender, comprender. Follows the same -e- to -ie- base change pattern as empezar. Note that the synonym comprender is used a bit less frequently than entender

25
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We do not want to lose our pens

No queremos perder nuestros bolígrafos

to lose - perder. Follows the same -e- to -ie- base change pattern as empezar

26
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to move

mover

to move - mover. Note that mover is an irregular verb that belongs to a category of verbs that change their base from -o- to -ue-. Also note that mover does not mean to move from one house/country/state to another

27
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I move the tables with my brothers

Muevo las mesas con mis hermanos

I move - muevo

28
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You do not move your feet when you dance

no mueves los pies cuando bailas

you move - mueves. Remember that you do not need to use the possessive for body parts when the subject is understood. So tus pies would have been awkward here

29
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Sofía moves her books to the table when she studies

Sofía mueve sus libros a la mesa cuando estudia

he/she moves - mueve

30
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We move the chairs to our room to play cards

Nosotros movemos las sillas a nuestro cuarto para jugar cartas

we move - movemos