Lesson 9 Respiratory Diseases Flashcards Preview

Communicable and NonCommunicable Diseases > Lesson 9 Respiratory Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 9 Respiratory Diseases Deck (65)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is Dyspnea?

Labored or difficulty breathing

2

What is stridor?

Noise hear on breathing when trachea or larynx is obstructed.

3

What is wheeze?

Abnormal breathing sound (whistling/squeeking).

4

What is Hemoptysis?

Expectoration of blood that originates below the vocal cords.

5

What is digital clubbing?

Changes at the nail base that includes softening of the nail bed and loss of normal angle between nail and cuticle.

6

What is Cyanosis?

Blue or blue-gray color of skin/mucus membranes caused by increased amounts of unsaturated hemoglobin in capillary blood.

7

Hypoxia?

Decreased oxygen in tissues

8

What is Hypercapnia?

abnormally high CO2 in blood

9

What is Allergic Rhinitis?

Inflammation of nasal membranes-allergic to particles in the air

10

What is the etiology of Allergic Rhinitis?

allergen to pollen, dust, animal dander, smoke, or mold

11

S&S of Allergic Rhinitis?

Nasal congestion
sneezing
coughing
headache and itching of nose, mouth, eyes, throat or skin
Dark circles under eyes

12

How to diagnose Allergic Rhinitis?

Allergy testing-nasal swab

13

Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis?

1. avoid the allergen
2. desensitization treatments
3. Medication

14

What is Croup?

1. inflammation of lungs
2. constriction of the airways

15

Etiology of croup?

A viral condition-normally RSV

16

S&S of Croup?

1. high pitched barking cough and white patches
2. hoarseness
3. stridor

17

Treatment for Croup?

1. Severe-oxygen & injectable steroid
2. best rest and liquids
3. cool humidification
4. antibiotic if concerned with secondary infection

18

What is Pneumonia?

Infection that could be caused by various pathogens.

19

Etiology of Pneumonia?

various pathogens:
1. bacterial
2. viral
3. protozoa
4. ricketssia
4. fungal

20

S&S of Pneumonia?

Cough with thick sputum
chills and fever

21

Treatment of Pneumonia?

Depends on cause. If bacterial, give antibiotic, If fungal, give anti-fungal.

22

What is Legionnaires?

Bacterial infection of the lungs-bronchial pneumonia.

23

Etiology of Legionnaires?

bacteria from warm aquatic environment
- hot tubs, a/c units, tropical region

24

Symptoms of Legionnaires?

1. grayish non-purulent sputum
2. dangerously high fever

25

Treatment for Legionnaires?

Antibiotic

26

What is Pulmonary emphysema?

Permanent enlargement of air spaces
Destruction of the alveoli

27

Etiology of Pulmonary Emphysema?

chronic bronchitis
silicon-mineral
Chronic asthma
pulmonary tuberculosis

28

S&S of Pulmonary Emphysema?

"Barrel chest" caused by overinflated lungs

29

Prognosis of Pulmonary Emphysema?

Can't be cured but managed, controlled and slowed
Poor Prognosis

30

Treatment of Pulmonary Emphysema?

1. bronchial dilators
2. diuretics
3. breathing and respiratory therapy