Flashcards in Lesson 9 Respiratory Diseases Deck (65)
What is Dyspnea?
Labored or difficulty breathing
What is stridor?
Noise hear on breathing when trachea or larynx is obstructed.
What is wheeze?
Abnormal breathing sound (whistling/squeeking).
What is Hemoptysis?
Expectoration of blood that originates below the vocal cords.
What is digital clubbing?
Changes at the nail base that includes softening of the nail bed and loss of normal angle between nail and cuticle.
What is Cyanosis?
Blue or blue-gray color of skin/mucus membranes caused by increased amounts of unsaturated hemoglobin in capillary blood.
Decreased oxygen in tissues
What is Hypercapnia?
abnormally high CO2 in blood
What is Allergic Rhinitis?
Inflammation of nasal membranes-allergic to particles in the air
What is the etiology of Allergic Rhinitis?
allergen to pollen, dust, animal dander, smoke, or mold
S&S of Allergic Rhinitis?
headache and itching of nose, mouth, eyes, throat or skin
Dark circles under eyes
How to diagnose Allergic Rhinitis?
Allergy testing-nasal swab
Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis?
1. avoid the allergen
2. desensitization treatments
What is Croup?
1. inflammation of lungs
2. constriction of the airways
Etiology of croup?
A viral condition-normally RSV
S&S of Croup?
1. high pitched barking cough and white patches
Treatment for Croup?
1. Severe-oxygen & injectable steroid
2. best rest and liquids
3. cool humidification
4. antibiotic if concerned with secondary infection
What is Pneumonia?
Infection that could be caused by various pathogens.
Etiology of Pneumonia?
S&S of Pneumonia?
Cough with thick sputum
chills and fever
Treatment of Pneumonia?
Depends on cause. If bacterial, give antibiotic, If fungal, give anti-fungal.
What is Legionnaires?
Bacterial infection of the lungs-bronchial pneumonia.
Etiology of Legionnaires?
bacteria from warm aquatic environment
- hot tubs, a/c units, tropical region
Symptoms of Legionnaires?
1. grayish non-purulent sputum
2. dangerously high fever
Treatment for Legionnaires?
What is Pulmonary emphysema?
Permanent enlargement of air spaces
Destruction of the alveoli
Etiology of Pulmonary Emphysema?
S&S of Pulmonary Emphysema?
"Barrel chest" caused by overinflated lungs
Prognosis of Pulmonary Emphysema?
Can't be cured but managed, controlled and slowed