Lesson 6 Nervous System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 6 Nervous System Deck (48)
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1

What are the three categories of headaches?

1. Primary - tension, migraine, and cluster
2. Secondary - caused by structural problem
3. Cranial Neuralgias - facial pain and other headaches

2

What are the S&S of a headache?

1. headache - dull ache or acute pounding

3

Treatment of headache?

1. Analgesics: ibuprofren, acetomenophen, naxopren

4

Etiology of headache?

contracting muscles over the skull spasming and stressing cause pain

5

What is a migraine headache?

1. intense, throbbing pain along with nausea and vommitting

6

S&S of migraine headache?

1. aura
2. flashing lights
3. photophobia (sensitivity to light)
4. throbbing, nausea and vomiting

7

Treatment of migraine headache?

1. incense
2. triptans like Imitrex
3. rest in a quiet, dark room

8

What is a Cerebral Concussion?

1. brain trauma- may have temp. loss of consciousness
2. slowed heart rate
3. lower blood pressure

Good prognosis

9

What is the treatment for Cerebral Concussion?

1. rest
2. mild analgesics

10

What is subdural hematoma?

Severe blow to head with bleeding internally

11

Where is the bleeding with Subdural Hematoma?

Between:
1. Dura mater
2. arachnoid space

12

S&S of Subdural Hematoma?

1. Slurred speech
2. confusion

13

How to diagnose Subdural Hematoma?

CAT scan

14

Treatment for Subdural Hematoma?

1. craniotomy - incision into the cranium to release pressure from blood

15

S&S of abusive head trauma (shaken baby syndrome)?

1. listless
2. lethargic
3. irritable
4. pupils don't dialate

16

What is the cause of Abusive Head Trauma?

Subdural Hematoma

17

What is the treatment for Abusive head trauma?

1. medical emergency
2. immediate treatment to prevent further damage

18

What is the treatment for paraplegia and quadripalegia?

Immediate
1. spinal alignment
2. stabilize injured spinal area
3. decompression of neurological structure
4. early rehab to minimize long term paralysis

19

What is Acute Bacterial Meningitis?

Inflammation of meninges around brain and spinal cords. caused by bacterial or viral infection

20

S&S of Acute Bacterial Meningitis?

1. sudden onset of severe headache
2.vomiting
3. seizures
4. stiff neck

21

Treatment of Bacterial Meningitis?

1. antibiotics
2. corticosteroids
3. isolation

22

What is Peripheral neuropathy?

Degeneration of nerves.

23

S&S of Peripheral Neuropathy?

1. tingling
2. prickling
3. burning
4. sensitivity to touch

24

What is the cause of Peripheral Neuropathy?

Diabetes, B12 deficiency,

25

Treatment of Peripheral Neuropathy?

1. Toxins must be neutralized
2. infections treated
3. bed rest
4. physical therapy

26

What is Bells Palsy?

Facial nerves become paralyzed causing facial drooping

27

Cause of Bells Palsy?

1. Virus-viral meningitis
2. tumors
3. Lyme disease

28

Treatment of Bells Palsy?

Antiviral meds - but will go away within 1-8 weeks
if scarring...can cause permanent symptoms

29

What is a Hemorrhagic Stroke (cerebrovascular accident)?

Hemorrhagic of blood vessels that supply blood to brain

30

S&S of Cerebrovascular Accident?

1. speech difficulty
2. confusion
3. body limp (impaired consciousness)
4. double vision