Flashcards in Lesson 6 Nervous System Deck (48)
What are the three categories of headaches?
1. Primary - tension, migraine, and cluster
2. Secondary - caused by structural problem
3. Cranial Neuralgias - facial pain and other headaches
What are the S&S of a headache?
1. headache - dull ache or acute pounding
Treatment of headache?
1. Analgesics: ibuprofren, acetomenophen, naxopren
Etiology of headache?
contracting muscles over the skull spasming and stressing cause pain
What is a migraine headache?
1. intense, throbbing pain along with nausea and vommitting
S&S of migraine headache?
2. flashing lights
3. photophobia (sensitivity to light)
4. throbbing, nausea and vomiting
Treatment of migraine headache?
2. triptans like Imitrex
3. rest in a quiet, dark room
What is a Cerebral Concussion?
1. brain trauma- may have temp. loss of consciousness
2. slowed heart rate
3. lower blood pressure
What is the treatment for Cerebral Concussion?
2. mild analgesics
What is subdural hematoma?
Severe blow to head with bleeding internally
Where is the bleeding with Subdural Hematoma?
1. Dura mater
2. arachnoid space
S&S of Subdural Hematoma?
1. Slurred speech
How to diagnose Subdural Hematoma?
Treatment for Subdural Hematoma?
1. craniotomy - incision into the cranium to release pressure from blood
S&S of abusive head trauma (shaken baby syndrome)?
4. pupils don't dialate
What is the cause of Abusive Head Trauma?
What is the treatment for Abusive head trauma?
1. medical emergency
2. immediate treatment to prevent further damage
What is the treatment for paraplegia and quadripalegia?
1. spinal alignment
2. stabilize injured spinal area
3. decompression of neurological structure
4. early rehab to minimize long term paralysis
What is Acute Bacterial Meningitis?
Inflammation of meninges around brain and spinal cords. caused by bacterial or viral infection
S&S of Acute Bacterial Meningitis?
1. sudden onset of severe headache
4. stiff neck
Treatment of Bacterial Meningitis?
What is Peripheral neuropathy?
Degeneration of nerves.
S&S of Peripheral Neuropathy?
4. sensitivity to touch
What is the cause of Peripheral Neuropathy?
Diabetes, B12 deficiency,
Treatment of Peripheral Neuropathy?
1. Toxins must be neutralized
2. infections treated
3. bed rest
4. physical therapy
What is Bells Palsy?
Facial nerves become paralyzed causing facial drooping
Cause of Bells Palsy?
1. Virus-viral meningitis
3. Lyme disease
Treatment of Bells Palsy?
Antiviral meds - but will go away within 1-8 weeks
if scarring...can cause permanent symptoms
What is a Hemorrhagic Stroke (cerebrovascular accident)?
Hemorrhagic of blood vessels that supply blood to brain