Flashcards in LG3.4 Arthritis I – Dr. Winfield Deck (24):
What are Articular symptoms?
-Decreased Active/Passive ROM
-Pain provoked by movement
-Heat, swelling, erythema/redness
Chronic vs Acute
Chronic- Greater than 6 weeks
Acute- Less than 6 weeks
What are the components of Synovial Fluid analysis?
What is the cell count of leukocytes for a positive septic joint?
100,000/uL with 90% neutrophils
Characteristics of Inflammatory (Rheumatoid Arthritis)?
-Waxing and waning disease activity
-Improvement with use
-Systemic symptoms ( fever or malaise)
What disease is non-inflammatory?
What are general characteristics of Osteoarthritis?
-Pain after use, improvement with rest
-NO SYSTEMIC SYMPTOMS
-Asymmetric joint involvement
-Affects the weight bearing joints and distal and proximal interphalangeal and first carpometacarpal joints of the hand
What is the most common for of arthritis?
What are Bouchard nodes
Bony proliferation of the proximal interphalangeal joints
What are Heberden nodes?
bony proliferation at the distal interphalangeal joints
What are the main locations of OA symptoms?
KNEES, hips, knee, and hands
What are the risk factors for OA?
Obesity, occupations, female, trauma, and age
What is primary OA?
unknown cause (wear and tear)
What is secondary OA?
-Develops due to another condition
-Trauma, metabolic disorders
Lab values of Septic Arthritis WBC count?
When it comes to rest/movement which improves RA and OA?
What is the main location of OA?
Where is RA most common?
What are common labs of RA?
Increased RF, ACCP, ESR, and CRP
What are general characteristics of Septic arthritis?
-Resistant to Passive ROM
Is septic arthritis normally polyarticular or monoarticular?