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Flashcards in Lungs Deck (14):
1

PLEURAL CAVITY
Costal Line of Pleural Reflection (parietal pleura) passes obliquely across the:
- MCL ____ rib
- MAL ____ rib
- sides of vertebral column ____ rib
Lower Margin of Lungs (visceral pleura) crosses the:
- MCL ____ rib
- MAL ____ rib
- sides of vertebral column ____ rib

PLEURAL CAVITY
Costal Line of Pleural Reflection (parietal pleura) passes obliquely across the:
- MCL 8th rib
- MAL 10th rib
- sides of vertebral column 12th rib
Lower Margin of Lungs (visceral pleura) crosses the:
- MCL 6th rib
- MAL 8th rib
- sides of vertebral column 12th rib

2

NERVE SUPPLY OF THE PLEURA
Parietal Pleura
- sensitive to pain, touch, temperature, and pressure
-- costal pleura - ___________ nerve
-- mediastinal pleura - __________ nerve
-- diaphragmatic pleura - ________________
Visceral Pleura
- insensitive to common sensation but sensitive to _______
- supplied by the _____________

NERVE SUPPLY OF THE PLEURA
Parietal Pleura
- sensitive to pain, touch, temperature, and pressure
-- costal pleura - intercostal nerve
-- mediastinal pleura - phrenic nerve
-- diaphragmatic pleura - intercostal and phrenic nerve
Visceral Pleura
- insensitive to common sensation but sensitive to stretch
- supplied by the pulmonary plexus

3

The apex of the lung is ____cm above the clavicle.

2.5

4

____________
- where parietal and visceral pleura meet
- contents: bronchi, pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins, lymph vessels, bronchial vessels

Root of the lung

5

Fissure of the left lung

Oblique

Think: L lung - oblique fissure - hyparterial bronchus

6

RIGHT LUNG
- ___________ bronchus - to superior lobe
- ___________ bronchus - to middle and inferior lobes
LEFT LUNG
- ___________ bronchus

RIGHT LUNG
- eparterial bronchus - to superior lobe
- hyparterial bronchus - to middle and inferior lobes
LEFT LUNG
- hyparterial bronchus

7

BRONCHOPULMONARY SEGMENTS
- anatomical and surgical units of the lung
- named according to the segmental bronchus supplying them
Right Lung
- Superior lobe: (3)
- Middle lobe: (2)
- Inferior lobe: (5)

BRONCHOPULMONARY SEGMENTS
- anatomical and surgical units of the lung
- named according to the segmental bronchus supplying them
Right Lung
- Superior lobe
--- apical
--- anterior
--- posterior
- Middle lobe
--- medial
--- lateral
- Inferior lobe
--- superior
--- anterior basal
--- posterior basal
--- medial basal
--- lateral basal

MNEMONIC for R lung: APALMPALMS 3-2-5

8

BRONCHOPULMONARY SEGMENTS
Left Lung
- Superior Lobe: (3)
- Inferior Lobe: (5)

BRONCHOPULMONARY SEGMENTS
Left Lung
- Superior Lobe
--- anterior
--- apico-posterior
--- superior-inferior lingular
- Inferior Lobe
--- superior
--- anterior basal
--- posterior basal
--- medial basal
--- lateral basal

MNEMONIC for L lung: ALAPALMS 3-5

9

BREATH SOUNDS (Sites of auscultation)
Superior lobe - ________ and ________ aspects of the thoracic wall
Inferior lobe - ________ and ________ aspects of the back
Middle lobe - anterior chest wall near the sternum, ________ to the right _____ costal cartilage

BREATH SOUNDS (Sites of auscultation)
Superior lobe - anterior and superior aspects of the thoracic wall
Inferior lobe - posterior and inferior aspects of the back
Middle lobe - anterior chest wall near the sternum, inferior to the right 4th costal cartilage

10

TRACHEA
- ___ inches long, ___ inch in diameter
- U-shaped bars of _________ cartilage
- C6-T4

TRACHEA
- 5 inches long, 1 inch in diameter
- U-shaped bars of hyaline cartilage
- C6-T4

11

The _________ bronchus is wider, shorter, more vertical.
Hence, foreign body aspiration is more likely to enter and lodge in the _________ bronchus.
In a patient who is standing or sitting, the foreign body tends to become lodged in the _____________ segment of the _________ lobe of the _________ lung.
Supine - __________ segment of the R ________ lobe
Lying on R side - __________ segment of the R ________ lobe
Lying on L side - ___________ segment of the L ________ lobe

right
right
In a patient who is standing or sitting, the foreign body tends to become lodged in the posterobasal segment of the inferior lobe of the right lung.
Supine - superior segment of the R lower lobe (SupSupLower)
Lying on R side - posterior segment of the R upper lobe (RPRUpper)
Lying on L side - inferior lingular segment of the L upper lobe (LILLU)

12

Aspiration pneumonia usually is associated with which of the following bronchopulmonary segments?
A. Posterior basal segment of lower lobe
B. Superior segment of lower lobe

B. Superior segment of lower lobe

13

MUSCLES OF RESPIRATION
Quiet inspiration - contraction of diaphragm
Quiet expiration - passive, elastic recoil of lungs
Active expiration
-- __________ intercostals
-- serratus ______________
-- anterior abdominal muscles

MUSCLES OF RESPIRATION
Quiet inspiration - contraction of diaphragm
Quiet expiration - passive, elastic recoil of lungs
Active expiration
-- internal intercostals
-- serratus posterior inferior
-- anterior abdominal muscles

14

The cardiac notch is the deep indentation on the left lung caused by the substance of the heart. This notch is anatomically related to the superior and inferior lingular BPS of the ____________ lobe of the left lung.

The cardiac notch is the deep indentation on the left lung caused by the substance of the heart. This notch is anatomically related to the superior and inferior lingular BPS of the superior lobe of the left lung.