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Flashcards in Vertebral Column Deck (27):
1

Primary curvature: __________ and __________ (_________ ventrally)
Secondary curvature: _________ and _________ (_________ ventrally)

Primary curvature: Thoracic and sacral (concave centrally)
Secondary curvature: Cervical and lumbar (convex ventrally)

2

NUMBER OF VERTEBRAE
Cervical -
Thoracic -
Lumbar -
Sacrum -
Coccyx -

NUMBER OF VERTEBRAE
Cervical- 7
Thoracic - 12
Lumbar - 5
Sacrum - 1
Coccyx - 1

3

STRUCTURE OF A TYPICAL VERTEBRAE
1 ___________ process - directed posteriorly
2 ___________ processes - directed laterally
4 ___________ processes - vertically arranged (2 superior, 2 inferior)

STRUCTURE OF A TYPICAL VERTEBRAE
1 spinous process - directed posteriorly
2 transverse processes - directed laterally
4 articular processes - vertically arranged (2 superior, 2 inferior)

4

CERVICAL VERTEBRAE
Typical Cervical: C__ to C__; short bifid process
Atypical Cervical: ________
Vertebra Prominens: C__ - long spinous process which is not bifid
____________ foramen - for vertebral artery
Cervical 1 - atlas; no body
Cervical 2 - axis; presence of ______ or ___________ process

Typical CERVICAL VERTEBRA
- vertebral foramen is _______ (size) and ___________(shape)
- _________ articular processes - have facets that face posteriorly and superiorly
- ________ articular processes - inferiorly, anteriorly

CERVICAL VERTEBRAE
Typical Cervical: C3 to C6; short bifid process
Atypical Cervical: C1, C2, and C7
Vertebra Prominens: C7 - long spinous process which is not bifid
Transverse foramen - for vertebral artery
Cervical 1 - atlas; no body
Cervical 2 - axis; presence of dens or odontoid process

Typical CERVICAL VERTEBRA
- vertebral foramen is large and triangular
- superior articular processes - have facets that face posteriorly and superiorly
- inferior articular processes - inferiorly, anteriorly

5

THORACIC VERTEBRAE
- _______-shaped _______-sized body
- costal facets on their _____________ for articulation with head of ribs
- costal facets on their _____________ for articulation with the tubercles
- _______(length) spinous processes
- vertebral foramen is _______(size) and _______ (shape)

THORACIC VERTEBRAE
- heart-shaped medium-sized body
- costal facets on their bodies for articulation with head of ribs
- costal facets on their transverse processes for articulation with the tubercles
- long spinous processes
- vertebral foramen is small and circular

6

Typical LUMBAR VERTEBRA
- body is ______ (size) and ________-shaped
- pedicles are strong and directed backward
- laminae are short in vertical dimension
- vertebral foramina are __________(shape)
- transverse processes are _________(length) and slender
- spinous processes are _______(length), flat and _________ (shape)

Typical LUMBAR VERTEBRA
- body is large and kidney-shaped
- pedicles are strong and directed backward
- laminae are short in vertical dimension
- vertebral foramina are triangular
- transverse processes are long and slender
- spinous processes are short, flat and quadrangular

7

Vertebral level of hyoid bone

C3

8

Vertebral level of bifurcation of common carotid artery

C4

9

Vertebral level of thyroid cartilage, where carotid pulse is palpated

C5

10

Vertebral level of cricoid cartilage, start of trachea, start of esophagus

C6

11

Vertebral level of sternal notch, arch of aorta

T2

12

Vertebral level of sternal angle, junction of superior and inferior mediastinum, bifurcation of trachea

T4

13

Vertebral level of pulmonary hilum

T5-T7

14

Vertebral level of inferior vena cava hiatus

T8

15

Vertebral level of xiphisternal joint

T9

16

Vertebral level of esophageal hiatus

T10

17

Vertebral level of aortic hiatus

T12

18

Vertebral level of duodenum

T12-L1

19

Vertebral level of celiac artery, upper pole left kidney

T12

20

Vertebral level of SMA, upper pole of right kidney, end of spinal cord in adult (conus medullaris) and pia matter

L1

21

Vertebral level of renal artery

L2

22

Vertebral level of umbilicus, IMA, end of spinal cord in newborns

L3

23

Vertebral level of iliac crest, bifurcation of the aorta

L4

24

Vertebral level of sacral promontory

S1

25

Vertebral level of end of dura life sac, dura, arachnoid, subarachnoid space, and CSF

S2

26

Vertebral level of end of sigmoid colon

S3

27

Vertebral level of:
- Start of trachea
- Bifurcation of trachea

C6
T4