Lymph drainage, nerve supply, and structural features of the GI tract (Dave's notes) Flashcards Preview

Anatomy: Abdomen (based on Dave's notes only so far) > Lymph drainage, nerve supply, and structural features of the GI tract (Dave's notes) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lymph drainage, nerve supply, and structural features of the GI tract (Dave's notes) Deck (11):
1

What is the first stage of gut lymphatic drainage? What occurs to this in the terminal ilium?

Lymphoid follicles in the mucous membrane. These become aggregated in the terminal ilium (AMB???) as Peyer's patches

2

What are the five stages of gut lymphatic drainage?

1. Lymphoid follicles
2. Peritoneum as juxutaintestinal nodes (SI) and paracolic nodes (LI)????
3. Tracks along main blood vessels of supply
4. Collects at the pre-aortic groups at the base of the CT, SMA and IMA
5. Drains upwards eventually to the cisterna chyli

3

All parts of the gut are supplied by ......... and ......... nerves

sympathetic and parasympathetic

4

Sympathetic nerves are..... and their action is ........

post ganglionic - inhibitory

5

Parasympathetic nerves are ..... and their action is ....

preganglionic - excitatory

6

What structures do the sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves travel with?

The arterial supply to the gut

7

What additional nerve supply exists in the gut?

The myenteric or Auerbach's plexus is between the two muscle layers of the gut
The submucous or Meissners plexus is submucosal

These function without extrinsic nerve supply

8

From whence is the epithelial lining of the gut derived?

Endoderm

9

The gut can be described as what sort of tube with what coverings?

A muscular tube with a mucous membrane lining and a peritoneum covering

10

The muscular layers of the gut consist of what?

An inner circular and an outer longitudinal later. The upper one third of the oesophagus is striated muscle that is gradually replaced by visceral muscle

11

The mucous membrane consists of what three layers?

The epithelium
The lamina propria (connective tissue layer)
The muscularis mucosa (thin layer of visceral muscle)