male Path I Flashcards Preview

Year2 Repro exam II > male Path I > Flashcards

Flashcards in male Path I Deck (27):
1

hypospadias

inferior urethral opening

2

epispadias

superior urethral opening
assoc with other GU anomalies

3

spadias assoc with what

UTIs

4

types of phimosis

congenital
acquired

5

what causes paraphimosis

lack of perfusion

6

what causes extrophy of bladder

failure of cloacal membrane development
bladder connects to surface
assoc with epispadias
need surgery

7

what causes patent urachus

failure urachus to obliterate

8

when do testes normally descend

7th mo guided by gubernaculum

9

what are the types of scrotal masses

hydrocele
spermatocele
variocoele
inguinal hernia

10

what causes communicating hydrocele

lack of obliteration of process vaginalis that allow communication between peritoneum and scrotal sac

11

hydrocele more common on what side

R side because descent of testicle takes longer than L side

12

hydrocele is distinguished from testicular mass how

transillumination

13

where do the pampiniform plexus drain to

on R goes to single a that goes to R renal a
on L goes into IVC

14

what is varicocele

when paminiform plexus dilate and fill with blood
feels like bag of worms

15

what is spermatocele

dilation of 1 or more ducts of epididymus

16

when does spermatocele become Sx

when become really large or infection

17

does a spermatocele transilluminate in kids

yes

18

which hernia is more medial

direct

19

majority hernias are what type

indirect

20

where is internal and external inguinal rings in comparison to inf epigastric a

internal is lateral
external is a medial

21

when are there clinical Sx of hernias

vascular supply compromised
have pain
intestine cannot be reduced because swollen

22

Trichimonas in male

burning, dysuria, discharge

23

what is balanisis

inflammation of glans

24

balanoposthitis

inflammation of glans and foreskin

25

smegma

accumulation of desquamated epithelial cells, sweat and inflammatory debris

26

patient with chlamydia and reiter syndrome may have what presentation

painless ulcers on penis

27

Lichen sclerosis and atrophicus in male

whitening
can have painful erections-- curvature
narrowing urethral orifice