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Flashcards in Maurya and Gupta Empires Deck (64):
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Hinduism

The major Indian religion which grew out of Aryan religious beliefs

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Dharma

The divine law that rules karma; it requires all people to do their duty based on their social status

2

Yoga

A method of training in Hinduism that leads you to oneness with God

3

Buddhism

A religion introduced in northern India in the 6th century BC by Siddhartha Gautama

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Ascetics

A person who practices self denial to achieve an understanding of ultimate reality

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Nirvana

In Buddhism the ultimate reality, the end of the self and a reunion with the Great World Soul

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Mauryan Empire

323 BC--185 BC

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Gupta Empire

320 AD--550 AD

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Vedic Religion also called

Hinduism

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Does Hinduism have a single founder of set of beliefs?

No

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Religion is seen as a way to

Liberate the soul from the illusions and pain of everyday life

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Goal of a person that believes in Hinduism

Your atman (individual soul) rejoins Brahman (god or the over soul)

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Brahman has 3 personalities:

Brahma (creator)
Vishnu (protector)
Shiva (destroyer)

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Trimurti

Brahma
Shiva
Vishnu

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--------------- of gods in Hinduism

Thousands

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Reincarnation

The belief that the individual soul is reborn in a different form after death

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Samsara

The process of these rebirths

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Many Indian religions share a belief in

Reincarnation

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Founder of Buddhism

Siddhartha Gautama, a Kshtriya and prince

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Key idea of Buddhism

All living things suffer; only religious life saves you from suffering

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The goal of Buddhism is ----------: -------------------------

Enlightenment
A state of perfect wisdom

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What are the 4 Noble Truths?

What Siddhartha understood in his enlightened state

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List the 4 Noble Truths of Buddhism

1. All life is suffering
2. Cause of suffering: people's selfish desires for temporary, worldly pleasures
3. End desires to end suffering
4. Overcome desires and attain enlightenment by following the Eightfold Path

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Eightfold Path

Right intention
Right action
Right effort
Right understanding
Right speech
Right livelihood
Right concentration
Right mindfulness

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Hindu scriptures

The Vedas, the Mahabarta, and the Ramayana

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Buddhist Scriptures

They're called SUTRAS (which are discussions or speeches made by the Buddha, written down by his followers)

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Buddhism and Hinduism both accept the idea of ---------------

Reincarnation

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B vs H: ----- is created and destroyed in a ------

World
Cycle

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Buddhism rejected the -------- and ------

Caste system
Polytheism

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Mauryan Empire united by ----------- around 323 BC

Chandragupta Maurya

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M. Kicked ------ out of the ----- Valley with a powerful military

Greeks
Indus

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M. ----------- his people to finance ---- (some paid half their income)

Heavily taxed
Wars

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M. -------------- government

Bureaucratic

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M. ----- provinces headed by a royal -------

4
Prince

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M. Local ------- for ----- and ---------

Districts
Taxes
Law keeping

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M, secret -----/----- (think Eyes of king in Persia)

Police/spies

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Asoka is

The grandson of Chandragupta

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Asoka wages --- to expand ----

War
Power

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Asoka: Battle of Kalingua

100,000 soldiers dead plus unknown number of civilians

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Asoka converted to --------- --> peace to all beings and nonviolence

Buddhism

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Asoka placed -------------(------) all over the empire urging peace, fairness, and religious tolerance (acceptance of different people)

Stone pillars
Edicts

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Gupta Empire is united by ----------------

Chandra Gupta

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Gupta has an emphasis on ---------------- (as opposed to Asoka/Mauryan)

Hindu culture

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Gupta located in northern ------ on the --------- and ---------- Rivers

India
Indus
Ganges

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Sandra

Chandra's son

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Sandra loved ------ and ------- but also expanded the -------

Poetry
Music
Empire

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Chandra Gupta II

Expanded trade and the empire

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Gupta empire is called a ----------because of ------, ------------, and -------------

Golden empire
Peace
Political efficiency
Economic prosperity

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Gupta government divided into ---------- run by members of -------- (called ---------)

Provinces
Gupta family
Viceroys

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Gupta political control ------------- and -------------; more ---/----

Less centralized
Top down
Power/involvement

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Maurya: ----- tax was chief source of -------;----- (a tax on almost all items traded) was second big source

Land
King's money
Toll tax

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Gupta: Gupta family owns ----,------, a lot of -----. They manage ------ within India, along with the -------- and benefit from it

Silver
Gold mines
Land
Trade
Silk Road

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The caste system is the most important ------------

Element of society

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A review, top to bottom of society

Brahmins
Kshtriyas
Vaisyas
Shudras

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Can you marry outside of your caste?

No

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Can you change your caste?

No

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Shudras (farmers/peasants) are the --------------

Largest group

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Maurya: people still divided into -----; part of --------------

Tribes
Chandragupta

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Maurya's achievement is to unite -------- --------- ---------into one state

Smaller
Warring
Tribal groups

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Gupta India was a ------- society: families headed by the ------

Patriarchal
Oldest male

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China imports

Buddhism
Cloth
Glass
Spices
Diamonds
Incense
Pepper
Shells
Ivory
Timber
Textiles

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China exports

Silk
Spices
Teas
Porcelain
Cloth
Clothing
Jade

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India imports

Silk
Spices
Teas
Porcelain
Cloth
Clothing

63

India exports

Ivory
Textiles
Glass
Precious stones
Diamonds
Pepper
Tortoise shells
Incense
Cloth (calico)
Spices
Timber
Buddhism