Maurya and Gupta Empires Flashcards Preview

World History I > Maurya and Gupta Empires > Flashcards

Flashcards in Maurya and Gupta Empires Deck (64)
Loading flashcards...
0

Hinduism

The major Indian religion which grew out of Aryan religious beliefs

1

Dharma

The divine law that rules karma; it requires all people to do their duty based on their social status

2

Yoga

A method of training in Hinduism that leads you to oneness with God

3

Buddhism

A religion introduced in northern India in the 6th century BC by Siddhartha Gautama

4

Ascetics

A person who practices self denial to achieve an understanding of ultimate reality

5

Nirvana

In Buddhism the ultimate reality, the end of the self and a reunion with the Great World Soul

6

Mauryan Empire

323 BC--185 BC

7

Gupta Empire

320 AD--550 AD

8

Vedic Religion also called

Hinduism

9

Does Hinduism have a single founder of set of beliefs?

No

10

Religion is seen as a way to

Liberate the soul from the illusions and pain of everyday life

11

Goal of a person that believes in Hinduism

Your atman (individual soul) rejoins Brahman (god or the over soul)

12

Brahman has 3 personalities:

Brahma (creator)
Vishnu (protector)
Shiva (destroyer)

13

Trimurti

Brahma
Shiva
Vishnu

14

--------------- of gods in Hinduism

Thousands

15

Reincarnation

The belief that the individual soul is reborn in a different form after death

16

Samsara

The process of these rebirths

17

Many Indian religions share a belief in

Reincarnation

18

Founder of Buddhism

Siddhartha Gautama, a Kshtriya and prince

19

Key idea of Buddhism

All living things suffer; only religious life saves you from suffering

20

The goal of Buddhism is ----------: -------------------------

Enlightenment
A state of perfect wisdom

21

What are the 4 Noble Truths?

What Siddhartha understood in his enlightened state

22

List the 4 Noble Truths of Buddhism

1. All life is suffering
2. Cause of suffering: people's selfish desires for temporary, worldly pleasures
3. End desires to end suffering
4. Overcome desires and attain enlightenment by following the Eightfold Path

23

Eightfold Path

Right intention
Right action
Right effort
Right understanding
Right speech
Right livelihood
Right concentration
Right mindfulness

24

Hindu scriptures

The Vedas, the Mahabarta, and the Ramayana

25

Buddhist Scriptures

They're called SUTRAS (which are discussions or speeches made by the Buddha, written down by his followers)

26

Buddhism and Hinduism both accept the idea of ---------------

Reincarnation

27

B vs H: ----- is created and destroyed in a ------

World
Cycle

28

Buddhism rejected the -------- and ------

Caste system
Polytheism

29

Mauryan Empire united by ----------- around 323 BC

Chandragupta Maurya