Sui, Tang, And Song Dynasties Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Sui, Tang, And Song Dynasties Deck (49)
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1

220-589

Civil wars/era of division

2

589-618

Sui dynasty

3

618-907

Tang Dynasty

4

960-1279

Song Dynasty

5

The time of the Sang and the Song are considered a ----------

Golden age

6

1279-1368

Mongol (Yuan) dynasty

7

Sui dynasty achievements

Reunification of China
The Grand Canal

8

The Grand Canal

Canal links Yellow and Yangtze River, north to south (since Yellow and Yangtze run East to West)

Makes it easier to ship food

Thousands of peasants died building it

9

Tang Dynasty achievements

Steel
Porcelain
Gunpowder
Wood block printing
Books
Astronomical tools
Compass
Clocks

10

Song Dynasty achievements

Paper currency
Abacus

11

Sui emperor's first big project

Invade Korea

12

Tai Tsung's two major projects

Land reforms
Standardized tests

13

Five Confucian classics

What the bureaucrats and people in government study

14

Chinese Latin Festival

Lanterns are hung in the streets.
Solving riddles written on lanterns is a popular activity. This riddling became popular during the Song Dynasty

15

Scholar gentry

A new landed gentry devoted to Confucian learning; the people who staffed the bureaucracy

16

Dowry

Money the wife's family pays the husband to marry her

17

Why is the exam brought back?

Recruit for bureaucracy, provide leadership for provinces, strengthen Confucian ideals, to get power for themselves/take it from aristocrats

18

Impact of the exam?

Ensures bureaucrats are Confucian, also approved by the state, entire class of people do what they can to act like Confucians

19

Before Tang/Song?

People divided into very and very poor

20

After the Tang/Song?

Broader mix of smaller landowners, free peasants, small farmers

21

Buddhism thrived in the time before the ---- and ----. Many pre Tang rulers were ------- --------

Sui and Tang
Devout Buddhists

22

New types of Buddhism

Mahayana and Chan Buddhism

23

Mahayana

Pure land

24

Chan Buddhism

Zen
Stressed meditation and appreciation of natural beauty
Great appeal to Chinese educated classes

25

Some early Tang Emperors and Empresses ------ Buddhism (Empress Wu r. 690-705 AD) while also promoting education in ---------------

Patronized
Confucian Classics

26

Why would Buddhism appeal to the world where civilization collapsed?

Offered comfort
It emphasized meditation, ritual, and talked about rebirth and the next life

27

The Han Dynasty's collapse made Confucianism seem ---------

Incompetent

28

Buddhist missionaries.....

Helped people

29

Stories spread about Buddhist monks having --------

Magical powers

30

In the later Tang, Buddhism...

Loses support