Sui, Tang, And Song Dynasties Flashcards Preview

World History I > Sui, Tang, And Song Dynasties > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sui, Tang, And Song Dynasties Deck (49):
1

220-589

Civil wars/era of division

2

589-618

Sui dynasty

3

618-907

Tang Dynasty

4

960-1279

Song Dynasty

5

The time of the Sang and the Song are considered a ----------

Golden age

6

1279-1368

Mongol (Yuan) dynasty

7

Sui dynasty achievements

Reunification of China
The Grand Canal

8

The Grand Canal

Canal links Yellow and Yangtze River, north to south (since Yellow and Yangtze run East to West)

Makes it easier to ship food

Thousands of peasants died building it

9

Tang Dynasty achievements

Steel
Porcelain
Gunpowder
Wood block printing
Books
Astronomical tools
Compass
Clocks

10

Song Dynasty achievements

Paper currency
Abacus

11

Sui emperor's first big project

Invade Korea

12

Tai Tsung's two major projects

Land reforms
Standardized tests

13

Five Confucian classics

What the bureaucrats and people in government study

14

Chinese Latin Festival

Lanterns are hung in the streets.
Solving riddles written on lanterns is a popular activity. This riddling became popular during the Song Dynasty

15

Scholar gentry

A new landed gentry devoted to Confucian learning; the people who staffed the bureaucracy

16

Dowry

Money the wife's family pays the husband to marry her

17

Why is the exam brought back?

Recruit for bureaucracy, provide leadership for provinces, strengthen Confucian ideals, to get power for themselves/take it from aristocrats

18

Impact of the exam?

Ensures bureaucrats are Confucian, also approved by the state, entire class of people do what they can to act like Confucians

19

Before Tang/Song?

People divided into very and very poor

20

After the Tang/Song?

Broader mix of smaller landowners, free peasants, small farmers

21

Buddhism thrived in the time before the ---- and ----. Many pre Tang rulers were ------- --------

Sui and Tang
Devout Buddhists

22

New types of Buddhism

Mahayana and Chan Buddhism

23

Mahayana

Pure land

24

Chan Buddhism

Zen
Stressed meditation and appreciation of natural beauty
Great appeal to Chinese educated classes

25

Some early Tang Emperors and Empresses ------ Buddhism (Empress Wu r. 690-705 AD) while also promoting education in ---------------

Patronized
Confucian Classics

26

Why would Buddhism appeal to the world where civilization collapsed?

Offered comfort
It emphasized meditation, ritual, and talked about rebirth and the next life

27

The Han Dynasty's collapse made Confucianism seem ---------

Incompetent

28

Buddhist missionaries.....

Helped people

29

Stories spread about Buddhist monks having --------

Magical powers

30

In the later Tang, Buddhism...

Loses support

31

Confucians are ------ about Buddhism's success. Their response is called -------------

Jealous
Neolithic Confucianism

32

Neo Confucianism

A revival of Confucian ideas that focused more on spiritual things

33

Neo Confucianism stresses

Rank
Age
Obligation
Ritual
Class

34

Tang emperors support ------- to train ---------- (------)

Academics
Bureaucrats
The scholar gentry

35

Highest offices could only be obtained by those who were able to....

Pass exams on the philosophical or legal classics, and Chinese lit

36

While many bureaucrats won position in the civil service examination, ------------------ still played a major role in securing office

Birth and family connections

37

List the Reforms in government made by Shotoku Taishi's successors. Which country's system of government was the model for these reforms?

*he was a Yamoto prince (not an emperor, Soga)

Supreme ruler, Japan was split up, new tax system so that all land belonged to the government/taxes paid directly to the gov.

China

38

How did the samurai and shogun affect the government of early Japan?

Emperor's power (central) declines, so aristocrats turn to warriors (samurai) for hell. Armies get bigger, aristocrats gain power to fight. Rise of aristocrats led to the rise of samurai led to the shogun(when one family of aristocrats wins fights and takes over)

39

Samurai

Japan's warrior class; means "those who serve"

40

Bushido

"The way of the warrior;" samurai code of ideals,

41

Shogun

Leader of Japan from the Kamakura Shogunate

42

Shogunate

Shogun rules; emperor has no real power

43

Shinto

Animistic religion of Japan, worships "kam" or nature/spirits/gods

44

Who already lived in Japan when a Korean religious cult arrived?

Ainu

45

Did the Fujiwara clan adopt Chinese culture?

Yes
Division of land, tang style, emperors Buddhist, Chinese titles, perfect manners, Chinese writing, Chinese style capital

46

Japan

Wants to have all Tang have, but fail b/c of the aristocrats

47

Tang's system

Emperor
Divide land
Taxes
Bureaucracy
Scholar gentry

48

Confucian view of jobs /classes

Scholars
Peasants
Artisans
Merchants

49

220 AD

Han dynasty ends