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Flashcards in Africa Deck (41):
1

Who was Mansa Musa, and what kingdom did he rule?

Mansa Musa was a king of Mali

2

How did he (Mansa Musa) cause inflation in Egypt (Alexandria)?

He gave Egypt so much gold that it wasn't worth as much

3

Mansa Musa passed through Egypt because he was making the ----- which tells us that he was a -------

Hajj
Muslim

4

Mali was in ----- Africa and its biggest city was ------------

West
Timbuktu

5

What two things were traded between Berbers and West Africans?

Gold and salt

6

How did Islam spread to West Africa ?

Berbers--traders

West---Sand Roads/Saharan trade
East---Indian Ocean sea lanes

Rulers-Mansa Musa (Mali) and Kossi (Songhay) ---> tell subjects what religion they are going to be

7

How do we know about Mali?

Arabic traders write about Africa. Worry about bias here

8

Mali eventually fell to what empire?

Songhay

9

The eastern part of Africa saw the rise of ------------. Was it an empire?

Swahili civilization

No it is a collection of city states

10

What two big things did the African Bantu bring with them to east Africa?

Iron work and farming

11

Swahili civilization really didn't get started until the ------- century AD

Eighth

12

Plateau

Relatively high flatland areas

13

Savanna

Broad grasslands dotted with small trees and shrubs in Africa

14

Sahara

Largest desert on Earth in Northern Africa

15

Great Rift Valley

A group of mountains that loom over deep canyons in east Africa

16

Congo River

River in the Congo basin located in South Africa

17

Kalahari desert

In South Africa and Is one of the largest deserts in Africa

18

Nubia

In Southern Africa

Trade with Egypt

Becomes Kush in 1000 BC

19

Ethiopia

Highlands on which Axum rose to power

20

Explain the significance of Christianity in the history of Axum

When King Ezana converted to Christianity in 330 AD, he made it the official religion of Axum

21

How was Africa different 10,000 yrs ago?

There was a prairie

22

What caused this change from one type of landscape to another?

Overuse--- the grass can't absorb nutrients

23

When did West African people begin to farm?

2000--1000 BC

24

Lineage group

Community of extended family

25

Matrilineal

Descent is traced thru the mother

Women could inherit property and the husband moved in with the wife

26

Patrilineal

Descent is traced thru the father

27

Diviner

People who believe they have the power to fortell events

28

Griot

Special class of storytellers that served as historians by telling history orally

29

Doctors

Exorcize ghosts

30

Do the Bantus have ancestor worship? How important is it?

Yes

Ancestor worship helps them live

31

Where were the Bantu originally from?

West Africa

32

Where did the Bantus have move to and take over?

South/East Africa

33

What successful crops did the Bantus eventually get from the Malays?

Asian yams and taro

34

What River was in the middle of the Malian Empire?

Niger

35

Why are Cairo's merchants able to make so much money off of the people from Mali?

The people from Mali had a different currency so they gave the merchants more gold than needed

36

What effect does all the gold have on Egypt's economy?

Massive inflation
Weak economy

37

Inflation

So much money/goods is either introduced or made that the value of that money/goods goes down

38

Official religion of Axum

Christianity

39

The Bantu are

A language group/tribe originally from Western Africa

40

Bantu religion

Ancestor worship
Animism
A class of diviners

41

Swahili is a mixture of which two languages?

Arabic and African