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Flashcards in The Middle Ages Deck (90)
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1

Clovis

Christianity

Frankish kingdom

2

Charlemagne

Christianity

Carolingian empire
Roman Emperor

3

Monk

Someone who dedicates themselves to God by separating themselves from normal society

4

Nuns

Lady monks

5

Carolingian

The name used for Charlemagne's Empire

6

Feudalism

Medieval social and political system, national governments could no longer defend their subjects, so nobles/aristocrats offered protection in return for land and service from peasants

7

Pope

The leader of the Roman Catholic Church (Western Christian)

8

Missionaries

People who try to spread their religion

9

Sacraments

Religious ceremonies (baptism, confession, etc.)

10

After Charlemagne was crowned -------------- in --- AD, Church and the state often fought over -----

Holy Roman Emperor
800
Power

11

The Church had its own ------ and often functioned as a ------ during the Middle Ages

Hierarchy
Government

12

The Church united people during ----- (plagues, barbarian, invasions, bad harvests)

Crises

13

No matter the circumstances, all people could follow the same path to -------

Salvation

14

Sacraments

Performed by priests which helped people on their journey to salvation

15

Everyone was subjected to -------(-----) in matters such as ----- or --------

Canon law
Law of the church
Marriage
Religious practices

16

Excommunication

You don't get sacraments (so, Hell)

17

Interdict

The sacraments could not be performed in the offenders kingdom which means the people in the kingdom could not earn salvation

18

Vassal

A man who served his lord in a military capacity

19

Knight

Heavily armored cavalry; a class of warriors in medieval Europe

20

Fief

The land a lord gives to a vassal

21

Feudal contract

The set of unwritten rules that determined the relationship between a lord and a vassal

22

Chivalry

An ideal code of behavior for knights

23

Over time, the church began to resent -----------

Powerful kings

24

Lay investiture

Ceremony where kings appointed church officials

25

Clergy dislikes ------- (big shock)

Lay investiture

26

-------- banned the lay investiture in 1075

Pope Gregory VII

27

German Emperor ------- called the Pope out and was ------------; he then lost his support from the -------- in Germany and had to beg the pope for ---------

Henry IV
Excommunicated
Clergy
Forgiveness

28

In ---- the representatives of the ------ and the ------------ met to decide what to so about the ----------

1122
Church
Holy Roman Empire
Lay investiture

29

Concordat of Worms

Only the church can appoint bishops but the Holy Roman Emperor had veto power

30

Another important role of the church:

HUMAN XEROX MACHINES

And preservers of knowledge