Paleolithic Notes Flashcards Preview

World History I > Paleolithic Notes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Paleolithic Notes Deck (51):
0

100,000 BC

Humans evolved physically and mentally to the level of today= opposable thumbs and developed brain

1

Achievements

Invention of tools and weapons
Language
Control of fire
Art (sculpture, jewelry, cave paintings)

2

Paleolithic means

Old Stone Age

3

Paleolithic years

2.5 million years ago-- 10,000 BC

4

Archaeologist

People who study fossils and artifacts

5

Paleontologist

Study dinosaur fossils

6

Hominids

Early human ancestors, 3 types

7

3 types of hominids

Homo habilis
Homo erectus
Homo sapiens

8

Homo

Human

9

Homo habilis

Ability

10

Homo erectus

Walks upright

11

Homo sapien

Thinks

12

Earliest tool users

Homo habilis

13

Tools distinguish us from

Animals

14

Earliest tools

Stone

15

Hand axes

Some of then earliest tools

16

First to domesticate fire

Homo erectus

17

When did the homo erectus domesticate fire?

500,000 years ago

18

Fire is

Important

19

What did fire do?

Reduced mortality
Allows us to move to colder climates
Improved diet
Protected us from animals

20

4 Ice Ages

2 mil--10,000 yrs ago

21

What happened during the 4 Ice Ages?

Glaciers spread from the poles
Oceans dropped, land bridges came
Humans adapted to cold or moved

22

Strategies for keeping warm

Clothes and fire

23

Women ---------, men ----------

Gathered
Hunted

24

Equality between ------

Sexes

25

-------- helped survive

Everyone

26

Who was responsible for finding food?

Men and women

27

Out of Africa Theory

Humans evolved relatively recently in Africa, then moved to other continents

28

100,000 BC

Africa to Middle East

29

40,000 BC

Africa to Europe

30

35,000 BC

Africa to Eastern Asia

31

15,000 BC

Africa to North America

32

Hunter gatherers

Hunted for food and gathered plants l, nuts, berries, or whatever was edible, also fishing

33

Hunter gatherers' hometown?

None

34

Hunter gatherers were

Nomadic

35

Nomadic

You follow animals where they migrate and where plants grow, move often

36

Do hunter gatherers keep extra grain?

No

37

Extra food saved is called

Surplus

38

Was stone the only stone?

No

39

Major innovation=

Wooden handles

40

Hand axes were given

Handles

41

Stone to the end of sticks=

Spears

42

Sticks hardened in a

Fire

43

Kinship groups

Social, political, and economic unit
20-30
Related people

44

Kin

Family

45

Religion

Animistic

46

Animistic

Saw spirits in places, events, and nature

47

Lascaux caves

Paintings made of animals between 25,000--12,000 years ago

48

Art predates

Farming

49

Art was important from

Our earliest history

50

Paintings

Possibly a ritual