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100,000 BC

Humans evolved physically and mentally to the level of today= opposable thumbs and developed brain

1

Achievements

Invention of tools and weapons
Language
Control of fire
Art (sculpture, jewelry, cave paintings)

2

Paleolithic means

Old Stone Age

3

Paleolithic years

2.5 million years ago-- 10,000 BC

4

Archaeologist

People who study fossils and artifacts

5

Paleontologist

Study dinosaur fossils

6

Hominids

Early human ancestors, 3 types

7

3 types of hominids

Homo habilis
Homo erectus
Homo sapiens

8

Homo

Human

9

Homo habilis

Ability

10

Homo erectus

Walks upright

11

Homo sapien

Thinks

12

Earliest tool users

Homo habilis

13

Tools distinguish us from

Animals

14

Earliest tools

Stone

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Hand axes

Some of then earliest tools

16

First to domesticate fire

Homo erectus

17

When did the homo erectus domesticate fire?

500,000 years ago

18

Fire is

Important

19

What did fire do?

Reduced mortality
Allows us to move to colder climates
Improved diet
Protected us from animals

20

4 Ice Ages

2 mil--10,000 yrs ago

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What happened during the 4 Ice Ages?

Glaciers spread from the poles
Oceans dropped, land bridges came
Humans adapted to cold or moved

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Strategies for keeping warm

Clothes and fire

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Women ---------, men ----------

Gathered
Hunted

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Equality between ------

Sexes

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-------- helped survive

Everyone

26

Who was responsible for finding food?

Men and women

27

Out of Africa Theory

Humans evolved relatively recently in Africa, then moved to other continents

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100,000 BC

Africa to Middle East

29

40,000 BC

Africa to Europe