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Flashcards in Med Term 6 & 12 Deck (124):
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Aorta

Largest artery of the body
Oxygenated blood exits the heart

1

Aortic

Valve between aorta and left ventricle

2

Arteriole

Tiny artery connecting to a capillary

3

Artery

Thick walled blood vessel
Carries oxygenated blood away from heart

4

Atrioventricular

Bundle of fibers in the inter ventricular septum
Transfers charges in the heart's conduction system
His

5

Atrioventricular node AV

Specialized part of interatrial septum that sends a charge to the bundle of His

6

Atrioventricular valve

One of two valves that control blood flow between the atria and ventricules

7

Atrium

Either of the two upper chambers of the heart

8

Bicuspid

Atrioventricular valve on the left side of heart

9

Blood

Made of plasma
Circulates through body
Delivers nutrients

10

Blood pressure

Measure of the force of blood surging through arteries

11

Blood vessel

Any tubular passageways in cardiovacular system

12

Bundle of His

Atrioventricular bundle

13

Capillary

Smallest blood vessel
Exchange point between arterial and venous vessels

14

Carbon dioxide

Waste material transported in venous blood

15

Cardiac cycle

Repeated contraction and relaxation of heart as it circulates blood within itself and pumps it out to the rest of the body

16

Cardiovascular

Relating to or affecting the heart and blood vessels

17

Carotid artery

Artery that transports oxygenated blood to the head and neck

18

Conduction system

Part of the heart containing specialized tissue that sends electrical charges through heart fibers, causing the heart to contract and relax at regular intervals

19

Coronary artery

Blood vessel that supplies oxygen rich blood the heart

20

Depolarization

Contracting state of the myocardial tissue in heart's conduction system

21

Diastole

Relaxation phase of heart beat

22

Ductus arteriosus

Structure in fetal circulatory system through which blood flows to bypass the fetus's nonfunctioning lungs

23

Ductus venosus

Structure in the fetal circulatory system through which blood flows to bypass the fetal liver

24

Endocardium

Membranous lining of chambers and valves of heart
Innermost layer of heart tissue

25

Endothelium

Lining of the arteries that secretes substances into blood

26

Epicardium

Outermost layer of heart tissue

27

Femoral artery

Artery that supplies blood to thigh

28

Foramen ovale

Opening in septum of the fetal heart and closes at birth

29

Heart

Muscular organ that receives blood from veins and sends out to arteries

30

Inferior vena cave

Large vein that draws blood from the lower part of body to the right atrium

31

Left atrium

Upper left heart chamber

32

Left ventricle

Lower left heart chamber

33

Lumen

Channel inside artery through which blood flows

34

Mitral

Bicuspid valve

35

Myocardium

Muscular layer of heart tissue between epicardium and endocardium

36

Pacemaker

Term for sinoarterial (SA) node
Artificial device that regulates heart rhythm

37

Pericardium

Protective covering of heart

38

Polarization

Resting state of myocardial tissue in conduction system of heart

39

Popliteal artery

Artery that supplies blood to cells of area behind knee

40

Pulmonary artery

one of two arteries that supplies blood that is low in oxygen from heart to the lungs

41

Pulmonary valve

Controls the blood flow between the right ventricle and pulmonary arteries

42

Pulmonary vein

One of four veins that bring oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium

43

Pulse

Rhythmic expansion and contraction of a blood vessel (artery)

44

Repolarization

Recharging state
Transition from contraction to resting that occurs in conduction system

45

Right atrium

Upper right chamber of heart

46

Right ventricle

Lower right chamber of heart

47

Saphenous vein

Any of a group of veins that transport deoxygenated blood from legs

48

Semilunar valve

One of two valves that prevent the back flow of blood flowing out of heart into aorta and pulmonary artery

49

Septum

Partition between left and right chambers of heart

50

Sinoatrial node (SA)

Region of right atrium containing specialized tissue that sends electrical impulses to heart muscle causing it to contract

51

Sinus rhythm

Normal heart rhythm

52

Superior vena cava

Large vein that transports blood collected from upper part of the body to heart

53

Systole

Contraction phase of heartbeat

54

Tricuspid valve

Atrioventricular valve on right side of heart

55

Valve

Any of various structures that slow or prevent fluid from flowing backward or forward

56

Vein

Any of various blood vessels carrying deoxygenated blood toward heart
Except pulmonary vein

57

Vena cava

Superior and inferior

58

Ventricle

Either of two lower chambers of heart

59

Venule

Tiny vein connecting a capillary

60

Angio

Blood vessel

61

Aort

Aorta

62

Arteri

Artery

63

Ather

Fatty matter

64

Atri

Atrium

65

Cardi

Heart

66

Hemangi

Blood vessel

67

Pericardi

Pericardium

68

Phleb

Vein

69

Sphygm

Pulse

70

Thromb

Blood clot

71

Vas

Blood vessel

72

Ven

Vein

73

AcG

Accelerator globulin

74

AF

Atrial fibrillation

75

AMI

Acute myocardial infarction

76

AS

Aortic stinosis

77

ASCVD

Arterious sclerotic cardiovascular disease

78

ASD

Atrial septal defect

79

ASHD

Arterial sclerotic heart diesease

80

AV

Atrioventricular

81

BP

Blood pressure

82

Blood pressure bpm

Blood per min

83

CABG

Coronary artery bipass graft

84

CAD

Coronary artery disease

85

Cath

Catheter

86

CCU

Coronary care unit

87

CHD

Coronary heart disease

88

CHF

Congestive heart failure

89

CO

Cardiac output

90

CPK

Creatine phosphokinase

91

CPR

Cardio pulmonary recesitiaton

92

CVA

Cerebral vascular accident

93

CVD

Cardiovascular disease

94

DIC

Disseminated intravascular coagulation

95

DSA

Digital subtraction angiography

96

DVT

Deep venous thrombosis

97

ECG

Electrocsrdiogram

98

Echo

Echocardiogram

99

ETT

Excersise tolerance test

100

GOT

Glutamic oxaloacetic transaminas

101

HDL

High density liver protein

102

HR

Heart rwte

103

LDH

Lactate dehydrogenase

104

LDL

Low density lipoprotein

105

LV

Left venticle

106

LVH

Left vent hypertrophy

107

MI

Mitral insufficiency
Myocardial infarction

108

MR

Mitral regurgitation

109

MS

Mitral stenosis

110

MUGA

Multiple gated acquisition scan

111

MVP

Mitral valve prolapse

112

PAC

Premature atrial contraction

113

PTCA

Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

114

PVC

Premature ventricular contraction

115

SA

Sinoatrial

116

SV

Stroke volume

117

TC

Total cholesterol

118

TPA

Tissue plasminogen activator

119

VLDL

Very low density lipoprotein

120

VSD

Ventricular septal defect

121

VT

Ventricular tachycardia

122

Angiocardiography

Viewing of heart and its major blood vessels by xray after injection of a contrast medium

123

Angiography

Viewing of a hearts major blood vessels by xray after injection of a contrast medium