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Flashcards in Medical Terminology Deck (267):
1

Cortical

Pertaining to the cortex.

2

Urethrorrhagia

Bleeding from the urethra.

3

Ureteral

Pertaining to or emanating from the ureter.

4

Extracorporeal

Pertaining to outside the kidney.

5

Nephorlithiasis

Abnormally small kidney.

6

Renal Hypoplasia

Abnormal condition of kidney stone.

7

Nephroptosis

Dropping kidney.

8

Nephropexy

Surgical fixation of a floating kidney.

9

Glomerulonephritis

Inflammation of the glomeruli of the urinary bladder.

10

Pyelogram

X-ray record of the kidney.

11

Hematuria

Blood in the urine.

12

Renal cell carcinoma

Tumor of the kidney. (cancer)

13

Enuresis

Bed wetting.

14

Anuria

Not producing urine.

15

Cystitis

Inflammation of the urinary bladder.

16

Nephroblastoma

Malignant tumor in the ureters and kidney.

17

Vesicoureteral Reflux

Back flow of urine from the urinary bladder to the ureters.

18

Uric Acid


Waste product of protein removed by urination.

19

Cholingerics

Drugs used to stimulate bladder.

20

Nocturia

Excessive urine at night.

21

Renal Calculi

Kidney stones.

22

Edema

Swelling caused by fluid.

23

Platelet

Thrombocyte that aids in clotting.

24

Homeostasis

State of balance in the body.

25

Stomatitis

Inflammation of the mucus lining of the mouth.

26

Dyscrasia

Any abnormal blood condition.

27

Enzyme

Any protein produced by living organisms.

28

Hematology

The study of disease and disorders of blood.

29

Agglutination

The process of union in wound healing.

30

Fibrin

Fibrous protein involved in blood clotting.

31

Cholecystolithiasis

the presence of one or more gallstone in the gallbladder.

32

Erythremia

Abnormal increase in the number of red blood cell.

33

Leukocyte

White blood cells.

34

Androgenic

Pertaining to producing male hormone.

35

Aspermatogenesis

No producing of sperm.

36

Circumcision

Surgical removal of the foreskin from the penis.

37

Oligospermia

Deficiency of sperm in the semen.

38

Orchidopexy

Surgical fixation of the testes.

39

Vasectomy

Surgical procedure on males in which the vas deferens are interrupted.

40

Cryptochidism

Undescended esticles.

41

Resectoscope

Surgical instrument use to hold tissue prior to removal.

42

Amniocentesis

Extraction by centesis of amniotic fluid from a pregnant women. (surgical puncture to remove fluid from amniotic sac).

43

Mastectomy

Surgical removal of the breast.

44

Myometrium

The middle muscular of the uterus.

45

Ovariorrhexis

Rupture of an ovary.

46

Hysterectomy

Surgical removal of the uterus.

47

Cephalopelvic disproprotion

Condition preventing normal delivery through the birth canal because babys head is too big.

48

Sharps

Any medical instrument that can or puncture the body.

49

Clamps

Instrument used to stop the flow through a tube or vessel.

50

Retractor

Instrument used to separate or hold back tissue.

51

Probe

Slender instrument used to dilate or explore a wound or body cavity.

52

Hemostat

Instrument used to clamp off body vessels.

53

Ambulatory Care

Recovery care given after surgical procedure.

54

Asepsis

Practices aimed reducing infection.

55

Diathermy

Used of electric current to stop bleeding.

56

Enucleation

Removal of the eyeball from its socket.

57

Fulguration

Electrical destruction of tissue.

58

Laceration

Deep jagged wound.

59

Punch Biopsy

Removal of tissue with sharp round instrument.

60

Resection

Excision of all or part of an organ.

61

Hodgkin's Disease

Cancerous neoplasm of the lymph system.

62

Kaposi's Sarcoma

Rare form of cancer in the lining of the capillaries.

63

Dehiscence

Splitting open of a surgical site after suturing.

64

Percussion

The process of tapping on the body with fingers.

65

Inspection

Visual observation or examination of the body.

66

Auscultation

Listening for sounds in the body.

67

Palpation

Feeling with the hands for organs size and location.

68

Prone

Position of laying down on abdomen.

69

Supine

Position of laying face up on your back.

70

Trendelenburg

Position of laying on your back feet elevated above your heart.

71

Lithotomy

Position of laying on your back feet in stirrup knees bent.

72

Fowler's

Position of laying on your back reclined at 45 or 90 degree angle.

73

Dorsal Recumbent

Position of laying on your back, knees bent, feet flat on the table.

74

Knee-chest

Position of kneeling, shoulders and chest flat against the table.

75

Tonic

Pertaining to muscle tone.

76

Strain

It's an injury due to overstretching of a muscle.

77

Sprain

It's an injury to a ligament due to improper movement or stretching.

78

Creatine Phosphokinase

Chemical by product of muscle use.

79

Torticollis

Contraction of the neck muscle resulting in twisting the head in one direction.

80

Tendon

Strong connective tissue that holds muscle to bone.

81

Ligament

Strong connective tissue that holds bone to bone.

82

Asthenia

Weakness, lack or loss of strength.

83

Supination

Turning palm upward.

84

Myalgia

Muscle pain.

85

Dystropy

Lack or malformed muscle.

86

Fasiectomy

Surgical removal of the fibrous tissue surrounding the muscle.

87

Myoclonus

Muscle spasm.

88

Adipose

Pertaining to fatty tissue.

89

Anhydrosis

Failure of the sweat glands.

90

Cyanosis

Abnormal bluish discoloration of the skin.

91

Diaphoresis

Excessive sweating

92

Hemangioma

Tumor of the blood vessels.

93

Ichthyosis

Abnormal condition of dry, scaly skin.

94

Melanocyte

Cell that gives color to skin.

95

Paronychitis

Inflammation in the tissue surrounding the nail bed.

96

Subcutaneous

3rd and deepest layer of the skin where fat is stored.

97

Eczema

Inflammation of the skin characterized by red dry scaly patches and itching.

98

Eupnea

Normal breathing

99

Aphonia

Loss of voice

100

Adenoidectomy

Surgical removal of the adenoids.

101

Bronchiolitis

Inflammation of the broncial tubes.

102

Phrenoic

Pertaining to the diaphragm.

103

Rinorrhea

Runny nose

104

Staphylorrhaphy

Surgical suturing of the uvula.

105

Croup

Inflammation of the lower respiratory tract common in infants and children.

106

Hydrothorax

Water in the chest cavity

107

Empyema

pus in the pleural cavity

108

Croyza

Upper respiratory infection, the common cold.

109

Stethoscope

Instrument used to hear internal body sounds.

110

Sinusotomy

Incision into the sinus.

111

Alveolar

Pertaining to the air sac.

112

Chondro

Cartilage

113

Myelo

Spinal cord; bone marrow

114

Osteo

Bone

115

Peripheral

Away from the center

116

Anterior

Towards to the front

117

Posterior

Towards tot he back.

118

Medial

Pertaining to the middle.

119

Lateral

Pertaining to the side

120

Proximal

Near the point of organ.

121

Distal

Pertaining to far from the beginning of a structure.

122

Superficial

Pertaining to on the surface of the body .

123

Caudal

Pertaining to the lower portion of the body.

124

Dorsal

Pertaining to the back.

125

Cyto

Cell

126

Axillo

Armpit

127

Body Plane

Division of the human body along imaging lines used for description.

128

Frontal

Body plane dividing the body front and back section.

129

Sagittal

Is dividing the body right and left section unequally.

130

Mid-sagittal

Is dividing the body right and left equally.

131

Transverse

Body plane dividing the body into upper and lower section.

132

Cervico

Neck

133

Ventral

Pertaining to the front of the body.

134

Osteocyte

Bone cell.

135

Homeostasis

Normal state of balance in the body.

136

Episiotomy

Incision of the valva to widen the valvar opening during child birth.

137

Primapara

A women who has given birth one time .

138

Primagravida

Pregnant for the first time.

139

Pseudocyesis

False pregnancy

140

Abruption placenta

Premature detachment of the placental membrane from the uterine wall.

141

Toxemia

Life threatening toxic condition in pregnancy.

142

Antidiuretic

Medication that reduces the output in urine.

143

Estrogen

The female sex hormone.

144

Gonadotropin

The pituitary hormone that stimulates the production of sex hormone.

145

Ketoacidosis

Excessive ketone in the body.

146

Oxytocin

Pituitary hormone that speeds child birth.

147

Polydipsia

Excessive thirst.

148

Hypocalcemia

Low level of calcium in the blood.

149

Hyperkalemia

High level of potassium in the blood.

150

Hyperthyroidism

Excessive activity of the thyroid.

151

Exocrine

Glands that secretes outside the body.

152

Goiter

Enlargement of the thyroid gland.

153

Adenoma

Tumor of the gland.

154

Cretinism

Hypothyroidism in children that slows the metabolic rate affecting the mental and physical development.

155

Cerebral Cortex

Outer layer of the cerebral.

156

Arachnoid space

Web-like, fibrous chamber surrounding the brain.

157

Encephalitis

Inflammation of the fluid surrounding the brain.

158

Hypothalamus

Section of the brain responsible for maintaining metabolism,sugar, water, balance and temperature of the body.

159

Neurotripsy

Crushing or a nerve.

160

Laminectomy

Surgical removal of the protective coating of a nerve.

161

Ganglion cyst

Clusters of nerve cell in the peripheral of the nerve system .

162

Narcolepsy

Inability to maintain consciousness in normal waking hours.

163

Poliomyelitis

Inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord.

164

Vertigo

False sense of moving, spinning and objects moving.

165

Venous

Pertaining to the vein

166

Arteriole

Small artery

167

Venuole

Blood vessel that connects vein to small vein.

168

Extravasations

Blood escaping from a blood vessel.

169

Ischemia

Decreased blood flow to a body part.

170

Arteriography

X-ray recording of arteries that contrast.

171

Angiectasis

Dilation expansion or stretching of a blood vessel.

172

Atherosclerosis

hardening of the arteries.

173

Aneurysm

Abnormal bulging of an arterial wall.

174

Phlebothrombosis

Abnormal condition of clots in a vein.

175

Angiospasm

Involuntary contraction of an artery.

176

Thrombophlebitis

Inflammation of a vein with clot formation.

177

Vasoconstriction

Narrowing of the lumen or vessel.

178

Fusiform

Both sides of an artery expands

179

Cerebrovascular accident

Condition when aneurysm in the brain burst.

180

Abductor

Muscle taht moves away from the body.

181

Adductor

Muscles that moves towards the body.

182

Dystonia

Condition of abnormal muscle tissue.

183

Hyperkinesias

Increased uncontrollable movement.

184

Leiomyoma

Tumor of the striated skeletal muscle.

185

Rrhabdomyoma

Tumor of the tendon.

186

Tendonitis

Inflammation of the tendon.

187

Autoimmune

Severe reaction to ones own body tissue.

188

Interstitial fluid

Fluid in the space between cells.

189

Phagocyte

White blood cells that destroys pathogens.

190

Lymphoma

Tumor of the lymphatic tissue.

191

Splenorrhaphy

Surgical suturing of the spleen.

192

Tuberculosis

Bacterial infection of the lungs.

193

Thrombo

Blood clot

194

Aorto

Aorta

195

Myelo

Bone marrow

196

Pancarditis

Inflammation of the entire heart.

197

Valvuloplasty

Surgical repair of the heart valve.

198

Electrocardiography

Process of recording the electricity of the heart.

199

Interatrial septum

The muscular wall separating the atrium.

200

Tachycardiia

Fast heart beat.

201

Bradycardia

Slow heart beat.

202

Myocardiorrhaphy

Surgical suturing of the heart muscle.

203

Arrhythmia

Abnormal heart rhythm.

204

Epicardium

Top most layer of the heart.

205

Athero

Fat or fat like substance.

206

Tinnitus

Ringing in the ears

207

Acoustic

Pertaining to the act or sense of hearing.

208

Otalgia

Earache.

209

Otitis Media

Inflammation of the middle ear.

210

Tympanoplasty

Surgical repair of the ear drum.

211

Otomycosis

Fungal infection of the ear.

212

Presbycusis

The gradual loss of acute hearing with advancing age.

213

Salpingoscope

Instrument used to visually examine the ear.

214

Labyrinthitis

Inflammation of the cochlear tunnel.

215

Stapedectomy

Surgical removal of the stapes.

216

Aphakia

Absence of the lens of the eye.

217

Blepharoptosis

Drooping of the eyelid.

218

Conjunctivitis

Inflammation of the conjunctiva.

219

Dacryoadenitis

Inflammation of the tear ducts.

220

Hemianiopsia

Loss of half a field of vision.

221

Mydriasis

Dilation of the pupil.

222

Rentinopexy

Surgical fixation of the retina.

223

Vitreous humor

Gel like substance in the inner eye.

224

Amblyopia

blurred or hazy vision.

225

Birthday Rule

Rule of governing the coordination of benefits according to the guardians.

226

Carrier

The insurance company

227

Co-payment

Fix dollar amount paid by the patient at each office visit.

228

Deductible

Amount to be paid before insurance will pay.

229

Established patient

A patient who has been seen by the physician within the past 3 years.

230

Fee Schedule

A list of charges for services rendered.

231

Fiscal Agent

Organization that processes claims for a government program.

232

Co-insurance

The percentage of the bill for services that the policy holder must pay.

233

Participating Provider

Physician that agrees to accept insurance payment as payment in full.

234

Ecchymosis

Bruise under the skin

235

Asystole

Absence of heart beat

236

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of the skin

237

Dyspnea

Difficulty breathing

238

Necrosis

Death of tissue

239

Anaphylactic

Severe allergic reaction

240

Epistaxes

Nose bleed

241

Rule of nines

Used to determine extent of burn injury by dividing body into sections.

242

Congenital Disease

Disease or condition present at birth

243

Metabolic Disease

Disease or condition caused by the body inability to use nutrients.

244

Hematoma

Visible swelling of clotted blood.

245

Neoplasm

New growth.

246

Hypoglycemia

Low blood sugar levels.

247

Syncope

Loss of consciousness.

248

Diplopia

Means double vision

249

Amblyopia

Means dulled vision

250

Myopia

Means sightedness

251

Arthrocele

Herniation of a joint capsule

252

Orchidocele

Herniation of a testicle.

253

Lacrimitis

Inflammation of a tear duct.

254

Biopsy

Excision of a small piece tissue

255

Iridectomy

Surgical removal of the iris.

256

Oophoritis

Inflammation of the ovary

257

Atrophy

Decrease in size of an organ or tissue.

258

Uni-

One

259

Hemi-

Half

260

Circum-

Around

261

Idiopathic

A disorder having an unknown cause.

262

Epithelial

Tissues consists of sheets of cells. (Epithelial tissue is composed of a sheetlike layer of epithelial cell).

263

Hepatitis A

Viral infection of the liver. ( Hepatitis A is spread through contaminated food or water).

264

Striated Muscle

Is skeletal muscle, which is under the minds voluntary controls.

265

Semicircular Canals

The part of the ear that controls equilibrium.

266

Aqueous Humor is situated

anterior (in front) of the lens.

267

Pineal

Gland that produces melatonin. (The small gland located in the posterior hypothalamus).