Flashcards in Memory Exam Questions Deck (9)
Information stored with reference to time and place refers to: [1 mark]
Information not available for conscious inspection refers to: [1 mark]
What features does the working memory model include? [2 marks]
Visuospatial Sketch Pad
What is Episodic Memory? [2 marks]
Personal memories of events, such as what you did yesterday or a teacher you liked. This kind of memory includes contextual details plus emotional tone.
What is Procedural Memory? [2 marks]
Memory for how to do things, for example riding a bicycle or learning how to read. Such memories are automatic as the result of repeated practice.
What is Semantic Memory? [2 marks]
Shared memories for facts and knowledge. These memories may be concrete, such as knowing that ice is made of water, or abstract, such as mathematical knowledge.
Outline how one research study investigated the accuracy of eyewitness testimony (EWT) [4 marks]
Loftus - role of leading questions
Yuille & Cutshall (1986) - evidence from an actual crime
Anxiety (weapon focus) or age of witness
Flin et al (1992) - staged event & compared deterioration of children's and adult's memories over time
Karpel et al (2001) - showed a video of a robbery & compared information given by young adults with that given by older adults.
Describe Interference as an explanation for forgetting. [6 marks]
- Interference where two lots of information become confused in memory
- Proactive interference is where old learning affects recall of new information
- Retroactive interference is where new learning affects recall of old information
- Newer information may overwrite earlier information
- Interference occurs more when the two lots of information are similar
- Interference is less likely to occur when there is a gap between the instances of learning