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Flashcards in Microbiology Deck (14)
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1

How can direct virus detection be done for PCR?

Nasopharyngeal swabs

2

What does the killed flu vaccine contain?

2 Influenza A viruses, 1 influenza B virus

3

The live attenuated flu vaccine is more effective than the killed vaccine in which age group?

Children aged 2-17

4

Where does H. influenzae tend to colonise in the body?

Upper respiratory tract

5

H. influenza is a Gram positive bacillus. True/False?

False
Gram negative bacillus

6

Which organisms are most commonly associated with exacerbations of COPD?

H. influenzae
Strep pneumoniae
Moraxella catarrhalis

7

Which organism causes whooping cough?

Bordetella pertussis

8

Strep pneumoniae is a B-haemolitic cocci in clusters. True/False?

False
A-haemolytic cocci in chains

9

The majority of organisms that cause HAP are Gram what?

Negative

10

If CURB56 score 0-2, which antibiotics are given?

Amoxicillin (Doxycycline if penicillin allergic)

11

If CURB65 score 3-5, which antibiotics are given?

Co-amoxiclav + IV clarithromycin/PO doxycyline (IV levofloxacin if penicillin allergic)

12

In severe HAP, which antibiotics are given?

Amoxicillin (Co-trimoxazole if penicillin allergic), Metronidazole, Gentamicin

13

Which antibiotics are used for Legionnaire's disease?

Erythromycin/Clarithromycin
Levofloxacin if penicillin allergic

14

Which organism particularly causes pneumonia in AIDS patients?

Pneumocystis jiroveci