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Flashcards in Micronutrients Deck (8)
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1

What are the vitamin and trace element requirements for IV nutrition?

1. In catabolic patients increased requirements due to prior malnutrition: depleted levels (esp w/GI disease)
2. Increased needs with increased metabolic rate with hypermetabolism (thiamine, riboflavin and niacin)
3. Increased needs for antioxidants and associated vitamins (vit C, E, and Se and B6 and riboflavin)

2

In regards to micronutrients there are few agreed recommendations for patients, what are these recommendations?

1. Generally needs are increased
2. B vitamins
3. Antioxidants
4. Some trace elements

3

In regards to micronutrients, enteral feeds are usually _____? and TPN may involve ____?

Replete
supplementation

4

Immunonutrition in post surgery, critically ill and burn patients provide what benefits to the patient?

1. Improved barrier function
2. Improved immune function
3. Decreased hyperinflammation
4 .improved wound healing
---all lead to improved clinical outcome

5

What are important amino acids and antioxidants for nutrition?

Amino Acids:
---glutamine, arginine, cysteine
Antioxidants:
--fish oils (n-3 long chain fatty acids)

6

what Amino acid (especially parenteral) has benefit in both post surgery and critically ill patients?

Glutamine

7

Enteral feeds containing _____ have benefit in post surgery patients, use in critically ill patients in controversial

arginine

8

Very long chain _______ ______ from fish oil are emerging as having potentially beneficial immunomodulatory actions?

n-3 PUFAs