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Flashcards in Midterm Study Guide Terms Deck (139):
1

How many moveable vertebrae are there?

24

2

What is the name of this part of the femur?

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head

3

What is the name of this part of the femur?

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lesser trochanter

4

What is the name of this part of the femur?

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fovea capitus

5

What is the name of this part of the femur?

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greater trochanter

6

What is the name of this part of the femur?

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linea aspera

7

What is the name of this part of the femur?

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condyles

8

What is the name of this part of the femur?

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patella articular surface

9

What is this structure of the scapula called?

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glenoid fossa

10

What is this area of the scapula called?

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the spine

11

How many fixed vertebrae are there?

9

12

What is this part of the humerus called?

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the head

13

What is this part of the tibia called?

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tibial tuberosity

14

What is this part of the tibia called?

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anterior crest

15

What is this part of the tibia called?

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medial malleolus

16

What is this part of the tibia called?

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fibular facet

17

What is this part of the tibia called?

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fibular notch

18

What is this part of the fibula called?

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talus articular surface

19

What is this part of the fibula called?

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lateral malleolus

20

What is the name of this bone?

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talus

21

What is this part of the humerus called?

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the greater tubercle

22

What is this part of the humerus called?

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olecranon fossa

23

What is this part of the humerus called?

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coronoid fossa

24

What is the name of the groove between the lesser turbicle and the greater turbicle of the humerus 

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bicipital groove or intertubercular groove

25

What is the name of this structure of the humerus?

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capitulum

26

What is the name of this structure of the humerus?

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trochlea

27

From superior to inferior, name the three sections of the upper spine composed of movable vertebrae.

cervical, thoracic, lumbar

28

How many vertebrae compose the cervical spine?

7

29

How many vertebrae compose the thoracic spine?

12

30

How many vertebrae compose the lumbar spine?

5

31

What are the six sutures of the skull?

  1. coronal
  2. sagittal
  3. squamodal
  4. lambdoid
  5. basilar
  6. metopic

32

What is the foramen magnum and where is it located?

The large foramen in the occipital bone through which the medulla oblongata passes.

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33

When the arm is ________, the ulna and radius are crossed.

pronated (palm facing posterior)

34

What is this structure of the ulna called?

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semilunar notch

35

What is this structure of the ulna called?

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radial notch

36

What is this structure of the ulna called?

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olecranon process

37

What is this structure of the ulna called?

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coronoid process

38

What is this structure of the radius called?

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head

39

What is this structure of the radius called?

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radial tuberosity

40

What is this area of the tooth called?

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the crown

41

What is this structure of the radius called?

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ulnar notch

42

How many carpals are there in each hand?

8

43

What is this area of the tooth called?

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the neck

44

What is this area of the tooth called?

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the root

45

How many metacarpals are there in each hand?

5

46

Identify #1 on this diagram of the tooth.

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enamel

47

In the thumb, which phalange is not present?

middle phalanx

48

How many bones are there in the hand in total?

27

49

Identify #2 on this diagram of the tooth.

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dentin

50

What type of vertebrae is this?

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cervical

51

What type of vertebrae is this?

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lumbar

52

What type of vertebrae is this?

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thoracic

53

What is the name of this structure of the cervical vertebrae?

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the transverse foramen

54

What is the name of this structure of the cervical vertebrae?

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the bifid spinous process

55

What are the atlas and axis?

the C-1 and C-2 vertebrae

56

What structure articulates between the atlas and axis of the spine?

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the dens

57

What are the areas of the thoracic vertebrae where the ribs sit called?

rib facets or costal pits

58

Identify #3 on this diagram of the tooth.

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pulp & pulp cavity

59

What are the names of the joints where the sacrum articulates with the pelvis?

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sacroliac joints

60

Identify #4 on this diagram of the tooth.

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gingiva

61

What are these ribs called?

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true ribs

62

What are these ribs called?

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false ribs

63

What are these ribs called?

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floating ribs

64

What is the groove on a rib called?

the costal groove

65

The bulge just below the head of a rib is called what?

a tubercle

66

The flat end of the rib is called the...

sternal end

67

Identify #5 on this diagram of the tooth.

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cemento-enamel junction (CEJ)

68

What is this section of the sternum called?

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manubrium

69

What is this section of the sternum called?

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body

70

What is this section of the sternum called?

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xiphoid process

71

What is the innominate bone?

the hip bone or pelvic bone

72

What is this section of the hip bone called?

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ilium

73

What is this section of the hip bone called?

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ischium

74

What is this section of the hip bone called?

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pubis

75

The hollow in the hip bone where the top of the femur sits is called what?

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acetabulum

76

This little notchy bit is called what?

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sciatic notch

77

What is this hole called?

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obturator foramen

78

Identify #6 on this diagram of the tooth.

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alveolar bone

79

Identify #7 on this diagram of the tooth.

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root canal

80

Identify #8 on this diagram of the tooth.

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cementum

81

Identify #9 on this diagram of the tooth.

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periodontal ligament

82

Identify #10 on this diagram of the tooth.

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apex (root tip) & apical foramen

83

What are the occipital condyles?

Rounded protrusions of bone on either side of the foramen magnum on the underside of the occipital bone.

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84

What is the exterior occipital protuberance?

A protrusion of bone at the back of the skull on the occipital bone. It is generally more prominant in males than in females and often used in sexing.

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85

What are nuchal lines?

Small grooves on either side of the exterior occipital protuberance.

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86

What are wormian bones/ossicles?

Irregular "fingers" of bone that form along the cranial sutures. They are also known as "ossicles".

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87

What is the parietal margin?

The edge of the occipital bone that touches the parietal bone.

88

What is the basioccipital?

The bone directly in front of the foramen magnum.

89

What are Inca bones?

This is another term for "Wormian bones".

90

What are the names of the four margins of the parietal bone?

  1. occipital
  2. frontal
  3. temporal
  4. parietal

91

What are meningeal grooves?

Channels on the interior of the cranium that follow the shape of the meningeal artery.

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92

What part of the mandible is the "body"?

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93

Which part of the mandible is the "mental protuberence/eminence"?

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The chin.

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94

Which part of the mandible is the "ascending ramus"?

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95

Which part of the mandible is the "mental foramen"?

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96

What part of the mandible is the alveolar process?

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97

What part of the mandilble is the gonial angle?

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98

What part of the mandible is the mandibular condyle?

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99

What part of the mandible is the coronoidal process?

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100

What part of the zygomatic bone is the orbital margin?

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101

What area of the skull comprises the viscerocranium?

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102

What area of the skull comprises the neurocranium?

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103

Which refers to the exterior of the skull, ectocranial or endocranial?

Ectocranial; endocranial refers to the interior.

104

What is another name for the supraorbital (superciliary) torus/arch?

supraorbital ridge

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105

What is the temporal line?

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106

What is the supraorbital margin/border?

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107

What is the supraorbital foramen/notch?

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108

Where is the squamous portion of the temporal bone?

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109

Where is the zygomatic process?

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110

Where is the mastoid process?

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111

Where is the external auditory meatus?

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112

Where is the internal auditory meatus?

On the interior portion of the temporal bone.

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113

Where is the petrous portion of the temporal bone?

It is the ridge of bone on the interior of the temporal bone.

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114

What is the temporomandibular fossa?

The indentation in the temporal bone where the mandibular condyle articulates.

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115

On the maxilla, where is the frontal process?

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116

On the maxilla, where is the nasal spine?

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117

On the maxilla, where is the nasal sinus?

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118

On the maxilla, where is the alveolar process?

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119

On the maxilla, where is the nasal aperture?

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120

Where is the sphenoid bone?

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121

Where is the ethmoid bone?

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Behind the lacrimal bone (grey).

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122

Where is the lacrimal bone?

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123

Where is the conchae?

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124

Where is the nasal bone?

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125

Where is the vomer bone?

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126

Where is the hyoid?

In the throat.

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127

What are the names of the ossicles in the ear?

 

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malleus, incus, and stapes

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128

What is sacralization/lumbarization?

The fusion of the L5 vertebrae to the sacrum on one or both sides.

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129

What is spina bifida?

A congenital condition where the vertebrae fail to fuse fully and the spinal cord protrudes through the opening in the bones.

130

What is spondyolysis?

A defect in the pars interarticularis of the vertebral arch.

131

Where is the corocoid process?

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132

Where is the acromion process?

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133

Where is the costal impression/pit?

On the meidal end of the clavicle.

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134

What is a septal aperture?

An olecranon fossa deep enough that it forms a hold completely through the distal end of the humerus.

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135

How many tarsals are there in each foot?

7

136

How many metatarsals are there in each foot?

5

137

What is the heel bone called?

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calcaneus

138

What differences are there between the hand and foot phalanges?

The phalanges of the foot are far smaller than that of the hand. 

139

What differences are there between metacarpals and metatarsals?

metacarpals: rounder, uniform thickness, ittegular base

metatarsals: flatter, tapered, base cut sharply