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Forensic Anthropology > Teeth > Flashcards

Flashcards in Teeth Deck (49):
1

Who was one of the earliest forensic dentists in America and who did they identify?

Paul Revere recognized the wiring of some prosthetic teeth he had made for his friend Joseph Warren and identified his body from a mass grave.

2

What are some factors that teeth can tell us about an individual?

  • Ancestry
  • Age
  • Diet
  • Health
  • Hygiene
  • Social status (filling type)
  • Personal habits (smoking, occupation)

3

What is this area of the tooth called?

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the crown

4

What is this area of the tooth called?

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the neck

5

What is this area of the tooth called?

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the root

6

Identify #1 on this diagram of the tooth.

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enamel

7

Identify #2 on this diagram of the tooth.

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dentin

8

Identify #3 on this diagram of the tooth.

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pulp & pulp cavity

9

Identify #4 on this diagram of the tooth.

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gingiva

10

Identify #5 on this diagram of the tooth.

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cemento-enamel junction (CEJ)

11

Identify #6 on this diagram of the tooth.

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alveolar bone

12

Identify #7 on this diagram of the tooth.

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root canal

13

Identify #8 on this diagram of the tooth.

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cementum

14

Identify #9 on this diagram of the tooth.

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periodontal ligament

15

Identify #10 on this diagram of the tooth.

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apex (root tip) & apical foramen

16

Arrange the following from hardest to softest:

  • dentin
  • enamel
  • cementum

  1. enamel
  2. dentin
  3. cementum

17

When something is located close to the tongue, it is _________.

lingual

18

When something is close to the cheek, it is ________.

buccal

19

When something is close to the lips, it is _______.

labial

20

The face of a tooth closer to the midline is called the ______ face.

mesial

21

The face of a tooth further from the midline is called the ______ face.

distal

22

What are the higher points on a tooth called?

cusps

23

A flat, blade-like tooth features a ______ contact surface.

incisal

24

A flat, grinding tooth features a _______ contact surface.

occlusal

25

What is the place where teeth contact one another called?

interproximal

26

What is the dental arcade?

the alveolar process and the teeth

27

To say that humans posess heterodont dentition means what?

not all teeth are the same

28

To say that humans posess diphydont dentition means what?

humans have two successive sets of teeth in their lifetime

29

Baby teeth are also known as ______ teeth.

deciduous

30

Using the quadrant formula that divides the mouth into quadrants as well as anterior/posterior sections, what is the "dental formula" for humans? What do the four numbers refer to?

The formula for humans is 2.1.2.3. This refers to the number of teeth found in each quadrant in the following order: incisors, canines, premolers, and molars.

31

In the universal numbering system for teeth, where does the numbering being?

the upper right

32

When identifying a tooth, what six criteria are used?

  1. Is it human?
  2. Which type?
  3. Permanent or deciduous
  4. Upper or lower
  5. Position
  6. Right or left

33

What type of tooth is this?

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incisor

34

What are the structures labelled #1 called?

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marginal ridges

35

What are the structures labelled #2 called?

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cingulum

36

What type of tooth is this?

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a canine

37

What type of tooth is this?

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a premolar

38

What type of tooth is this?

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a molar

39

How many roots does an upper molar have?

three

40

How many roots does a lower molar have?

two

41

Which type of tooth is the most irregular?

molar

42

What are two functions of forensic odontology?

  1. analyzing bite marks to include or exclude a suspect
  2. identifying a deceased individual

43

In what court case were bite marks first used?

Doyle vs. The State of Texas, the Peacock Grocery Store robbery

44

Who was the expert witness in the Ted Bundy case?

Dr. Richard Souviron

45

What is the Frye test?

It determines whether or not a particular sort of evidence should be admitted to court based on whether it is generally accepted by the scientific community.

46

What did the Federal Rules of Evidence establish in 1975?

A judge determines if expert testimony aids a jury and whether it will be admitted - the gatekeeper rule.

47

What did the Daubert Ruling of 1993 establish?

Judges could asses all scientific admissability of evidence in a court case.

48

What are five creteria by which "legitimate" science can be separated from "junk" science?

  1. Has it been tested?
  2. Is it peer review?
  3. Whar are the error rates? What are the probabilities of its conclusion?
  4. Are there standards of technique (in terms of measurements, etc.)?
  5. Is there widespread acceptance?

49

Who was the victim of the "pajama girl" murder?

Linda Agostini