Structure of the Skull Flashcards Preview

Forensic Anthropology > Structure of the Skull > Flashcards

Flashcards in Structure of the Skull Deck (55):
1

Identify the area of the skull highlighted in blue.

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the cranium

2

Identify the area of the skull highlighted in blue.

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the face (splanchnocranium)

3

Identify the area of the skull highlighted in blue.

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the mandible

4

Identify the area of the skull highlighted in blue.

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the neurocranium

5

What two structures make up the neurocranium?

the calvaria (superior) and cranial base (inferior)

6

Identify the area of the skull highlighted in blue.

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the viscerocranium

7

What are these types of joints called?

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skull sutures

8

What are these types of joints called?

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gomphosis

9

Identify the red suture.

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the coronal suture

10

Identify the blue suture.

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the metopic suture

11

Identify the green suture.

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the saggital suture

12

Identify the orange suture.

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the lambdoidal suture

13

What are the highlighted structures called?

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Wormian bones or ossicles

14

Identify the yellow suture.

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the squamosis suture

15

Identify the suture circled in green.

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the basilar suture

16

What is the term for when a skull suture fuses prematurely?

craniosynostosis

17

Identify this bone.

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frontal bone

18

Identify this bone.

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zygomatic bone

19

Identify this bone.

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maxilla

20

Identify this bone.

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mandible

21

Identify this bone.

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parietal

22

Identify this bone.

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occipital

23

Identify this bone.

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temporal

24

Identify this structure of the frontal bone.

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parietal margin

25

Identify this structure of the frontal bone.

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the supraorbital ridge

26

Identify this structure of the frontal bone.

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supraorbital foramen

27

Identify this structure of the frontal bone.

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supraorbital margin

28

What is this variation of the supraorbital foramen called?

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supraorbital notch

29

What is this pokey bit in the back called?

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the external occipital protuberance

30

What is the circled part of the partietal lobe called?

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the sphenoidal angle

31

What is this margin of the parietal lobe called? What is peculiar about it?

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the temporal margin; it is bevelled

32

What are these lines on the occipital bone called?

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superior and inferior nuchal lines

33

What is this structure of the occipital bone called?

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the foramen magnum; the spinal cord travels through it

34

What is this whole area of the occipital bone called?

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basioccipital

35

What are the two upper areas circled called?

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occipital condyles

36

What is the Harper Fragment?

Originally misidentified as a piece of occipital bone, the Harper fragment was a piece of JFK's parietal bone that proved he was shot from behind. It was identified by Larry Angel.

37

What is this structure of the temporal bone called?

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the mastoid process

38

What is this structure of the temporal bone called?

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the external auditory meatus (EAM)

39

What is this structure of the temporal bone called?

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the zygomatic process

40

What is this structure of the temporal bone called?

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the temporomandibular fossa

41

What is this structure of the temporal bone called?

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the petrous portion

42

What is this structure of the temporal bone called?

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the internal auditory meatus

43

What is this structure of the temporal bone called?

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the squamous portion

44

What are these structures called?

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processes of the zygomatic bone

45

What is this margin of the zygomatic bone called?

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the orbital margin

46

What is this structure of the maxilla called?

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the frontal process

47

What is this structure of the maxilla called?

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the nasal spine

48

What is this structure of the maxilla called?

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the nasal sinus

49

What is this structure of the maxilla called?

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the alveolar process

50

What is the name of this bone?

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the nasal bone

51

What is the name of this bone?

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the conchae

52

What is the name of this bone?

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the lacrimal bone

53

What is the name of this bone?

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sphenoid

54

What are the names of the ear ossicles?

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malleus, incus, and stapes

55

What are the structures of the hyoid bone?

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greater horn, lesser horn, and body