Thorax and Pelvis Flashcards Preview

Forensic Anthropology > Thorax and Pelvis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Thorax and Pelvis Deck (41):
1

How many moveable vertebrae are there?

24

2

How many fixed vertebrae are there?

9

3

From superior to inferior, name the three sections of the upper spine composed of movable vertebrae.

cervical, thoracic, lumbar

4

How many vertebrae compose the cervical spine?

7

5

How many vertebrae compose the thoracic spine?

12

6

How many vertebrae compose the lumbar spine?

5

7

What is the name of the area highlighted in blue?

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the vertibral body

8

What is the name of the area highlighted in blue?

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the vertibral arch

9

What is the name of this structure of the vertebrae?

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the vertebral foramen

10

What is the name of this structure of the vertebrae?

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the transverse process

11

What is the name of this structure of the vertebrae?

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the superior articular facet

12

What is the name of this structure of the vertebrae?

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the spinous process

13

What type of joint are the intervetebral discs?

cartiliginous

14

What type of vertebrae is this?

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cervical

15

What type of vertebrae is this?

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lumbar

16

What type of vertebrae is this?

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thoracic

17

What is the name of this structure of the cervical vertebrae?

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the transverse foramen

18

What is the name of this structure of the cervical vertebrae?

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the bifid spinous process

19

What are the atlas and axis?

the C-1 and C-2 vertebrae

20

What structure articulates between the atlas and axis of the spine?

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the dens

21

What are the areas of the thoracic vertebrae where the ribs sit called?

rib facets or costal pits

22

What makes up the sacrum?

five fused vertebrae

23

What are the names of the joints where the sacrum articulates with the pelvis?

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sacroliac joints

24

What is the name of the 3 or 4 segment structure below the sacrum?

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the coccyx

25

What are these ribs called?

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true ribs

26

What are these ribs called?

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false ribs

27

What are these ribs called?

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floating ribs

28

What is the groove on a rib called?

the costal groove

29

The bulge just below the head of a rib is called what?

a tubercle

30

The flat end of the rib is called the...

sternal end

31

How are the ribs anchored to the sternum?

through a cartiliginous joint

32

What is this section of the sternum called?

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manubrium

33

What is this section of the sternum called?

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body

34

What is this section of the sternum called?

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xiphoid process

35

What is the innominate bone?

the hip bone or pelvic bone

36

What is this section of the hip bone called?

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ilium

37

What is this section of the hip bone called?

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ischium

38

What is this section of the hip bone called?

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pubis

39

The hollow in the hip bone where the top of the femur sits is called what?

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acetabulum

40

This little notchy bit is called what?

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sciatic notch

41

What is this hole called?

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obturator foramen