mod 4 chp 12 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminoloy > mod 4 chp 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in mod 4 chp 12 Deck (184):
1

cutane/o

skin

2

derm/o, dermat/o

skin

3

hidr/o

sweat

4

hirsut/o

hairy, rough

5

kerat/o

horny, hard

6

lip/o

fat

7

onych/o

fingernail or toenail

8

pil/i, pil/o

hair

9

rhytid/o

wrinkle

10

seb/o

sebum

11

urtic/o

rash, hives

12

xer/o

dry

13

make up of the skin and its related structures

integumentary system

14

secrete sebum that lubricates the skin and discourages the growth of bacteria

sebaceous glands

15

help regulate body temperature by secreting sweat

sweat glands

16

protect the dorsal surface of the last bone of each toe and finger

nails

17

means pertaining to the skin

cutaneous

18

outermost layer of the skin

epidermis

19

form a protective covering for all of the internal and external surfaces of the body

epithelial tissues

20

forms the upper layer of the epidermis

squamous epithelial tissue

21

lowest layer of the epidermis

basal layer

22

fibrous, water-repellent protein

keratin

23

special cells that are also found in the basal cell layer. produce and contain a dark brown to black pigment called melanin

melanocytes

24

the pigment that determines the color of the skin

melanin

25

aka corlum, thick layer of living tissue directly below the epidermins

dermis

26

means glue, tough yet flexible fibrous protein material found in the skin

collagen

27

found in the connective tissue of the dermis, respond to injury, infection, or allergy by producing and releasing substances including heparin and histamine

mast cells

28

released in response to an injury, which is an anticoagulant

heparin

29

released in response to allergens, causes the signs of allergic reactions

histamine

30

located just below the layers of the skin that connects the skin to the surface muscles

subcutaneous layer

31

aka fat cells

lipocytes

32

located in the dermis layer of the skin and are closely associated with hair follicles

sebaceous glands

33

an oily substance released through ducts opening into the hair follicels

sebum

34

aka sudoriferous glands

sweat glands

35

openings on the surface of the skin that act as the ducts of the sweat glands

pores

36

aka sweat

perspiration

37

the production and excretion of perspiration

hidrosis

38

rod-like structures composed of tightly fused, dead protein cells filled with hard keratin

hair

39

sacs that hold the root of the hair fibers

hair follicles

40

tiny muscle fibers attached tot he hair follicles that cause the hair to stand erect

arrector pili

41

commonly known as fingernail or toenail

unguis

42

pale half moon shaped region at every nail root

lunula

43

narrow band of epidermis attached to the surface of the nail just in front of the root, protecting new keratin cells as they form

cuticle

44

fastens the nail to the finger or toe by fitting into a groove in the skin

nail root

45

a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin

dermatologist

46

physician who specializes in the surgical restoration and reconstruction of the body structures

plastic surgeon

47

commonly known as acne

acne vulgaris

48

noninfected lesion formed by the buildup of sebum and keratin in a hair follicle, often associated with acne vulgaris. aka whitehead or blackhead

comedo

49

closed sac associated with a sebaceous gland that is found just under the skin. contain yellow, fatty material

sebaceous cyst

50

overactivity of the sebaceous glands that results in the production of an excessive amount of sebum

seborrhea

51

inflammation sometimes resulting from seborrhea that causes scaling and itching of the upper layers of the skin or scalp. dandruff is a form

seborrheic dermatitis

52

benign skin growth that has a waxy or pasted-on look

seborrheic keratosis

53

abnormal condition of lacking sweat in response to heat

anhidrosis

54

profuse sweating

diaphoresis

55

aka prickly heat, intensely itchy rash caused by blockage of the sweat glands by bacteria and dead cells

heat rash

56

condition of excessive sweating in one area or over the whole body

hyperhidrosis

57

commonly known as night sweats, occurrence of hyperhidrosis during sleep

sleep hyperhidrosis

58

inflammation of the hair follicles

folliculitis

59

superficial bacterial infection of the hair shafts in areas with extensive sweat glands, such as the armpits

trichomycosis axillaris

60

presence of excessive body and facial hair in women

hirsutism

61

aka baldness, the partial complete loss of hair, most commonly on the scalp

alopecia

62

autoimmune disorder that attacks the hair follicles, causing well-defined bald areas on the scalp or elsewhere on the body

alopecia areata

63

uncommon condition characterized by the loss of all hair on the scalp

alopecia totalis

64

total loss of hair on all parts of the body

alopecia universalis

65

condition in which the hair thins in the front and on the sides of the scalp and sometimes on the crown, rarely leads to total hair loss

female pattern baldness

66

common hair-loss pattern in men with the hairline receding from the front of the back until only a horseshoe shaped area of hair remains in the back and at the temples

male pattern baldness

67

abnormal curving of the nails that is often accompanied by enlargement of the fingertips

clubbing

68

aka spoon nail

koilonychia

69

aka onychitis, inflammation of the matrix of the nail that often results in the loss of the nail

onychia

70

commonly known as ingrown toenail

onychocryptosis

71

fungal infection of the nail

onychomycosis

72

means nail biting or nail eating

onychophagia

73

an acute or chronic infection of the skin fold around a nail

paronychia

74

discoloration caused by sun exposure

age spots

75

genetic condition characterized by a deficiency or the absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and irises of the eyes

albinism

76

pigmentation disorder characterized by brownish spots on the face. can occur during pregnancy

chloasma

77

skin condition resulting from the destruction of the melanocytes due to unknown causes

vitiligo

78

injuring to the underlying tissues without breaking the skin and is characterized by discoloration and pain

contusion

79

aka bruise, large, irregular area of purplish discoloration due to bleeding under the skin

ecchymosis

80

appearance of multiple purple discolorations on the skin caused by bleeding underneath the skin. smaller than an ecchymosis and larger than petechiae

purpura

81

very small, pinpoint hemorrhages that are less than 2 mm in diameter. sometimes result from high fevers

petechiae

82

swelling of clotted blood trapped in the tissues

hematoma

83

pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury

lesion

84

aka scab, collection of dried serum and cellular debris

crust

85

the wearing away of a surface such as the epidermis of the skin or the outer layer of a mucus membrane

erosion

86

discolored flat spot that is less than 1 cm in diameter

macule

87

solid, raised skin lesion that is larger than .5 cm in diameter and deeper than a papule

nodule

88

small, raised red lesion that is less than .5 cm in diameter and does not contain pus. ex small insect bites

papule

89

scaly, solid raised area of closely spaced papules

plaque

90

flakes or dry patches made up of excess dead epidermal cells

scales

91

aka warts, small, hard skin lesions caused by HPV

verrucae

92

aka welt, small bump that itches

wheal

93

closed pocket containing pus that is caused by a bacterial infection

abscess

94

means producing or containing pus

purulent

95

fluid, such as pus, that leaks out of an infected wound

exudate

96

abnormal sac containing gas, fluid, or a semisolid material

cyst

97

small, circumscribed lesion containing pus. aka pimple

pustule

98

small blister, less than .5 cm in diameter, containing watery fluid

vesicle

99

large blister that is usually more than .5 cm in diameter

bulla

100

injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped or rubbed away

abrasion

101

groove or crack-like break in the skin

fissure

102

torn or jagged wound, accidental cut wound

laceration

103

aka bedsore. open lacerated wound that is caused by prolonged pressure on an area of skin

pressure sore

104

deep hole made by a sharp object such as a rust nail or ice pick

puncture wound

105

open lesion of the skin or mucous membrane resulting in tissue loss around the edges

ulcer

106

aka moles

pigmented birthmarks (nevi)

107

aka strawberry birthmark, soft, raised, pink or red vascular birthmark

capillary hemangioma

108

flat vascular birthmark made up of dilated blood capillaries, creating a large, reddish purple discoloration on the face or neck, this type of birthmark will not resolve without treatment

port-wine stains

109

describes an inflammation of the skin

dermatitis

110

localized allergic response caused by contact with an irritant, such as diaper rash

contact dermatitis

111

aka atopic dermatitis, persistent or recurring dermatitis

eczema

112

condition in which there is widespread scaling of the skin

exfoliative dermatitis

113

aka itching

pruritus

114

redness of the skin due to capillary dilation

erythema

115

abnormal redness of the entire skin surface

erythroderma

116

widespread rash, usually in children

exanthem

117

general term used to denote skin lesions or eruptions of any type that are not associated with inflammation

dermatosis

118

group of hereditary disorders characterized by dry, thicked, and scaly skin

ichthyosis

119

aka painful fat syndrome, chronic abnormal condition that is characterized by the accumulation of fat and fluid in the tissues just under the skin of the hips and legs

lipedema

120

common skin disorder characterized by flare-ups in which red papules covered with silvery scales occur on the elbows, knees, scalp, back, or buttocks

psoriasis

121

aka adult acne, characterized by tiny red pimples and broken blood vessels

rosacea

122

aka bulbous nose

rhinophyma

123

autoimmune disorder in which the connective tissues become thickened and hardened, causing the skin to become hard and swollen

scleroderma

124

aka hives, itchy wheals caused by an allergic reaction

urticaria

125

excessively dry skin

xeroderma

126

cluster of connected furuncles

carbuncle

127

acute, rapidly spreading bacterial infection within the connective tissues that is characterized by malaise, swelling, warmth, and red streak

cellulitis

128

aka boils, large, tender, swollen areas caused by a staph infection around hair follicles or sebaceous glands

furuncles

129

tissue necrosis, commonly caused by a loss of circulation to the affected tissues

gangrene

130

highly contagious bacterial skin infection that commonly occurs in children

impetigo

131

severe infection caused by Group A strep bacteria, aka flesh eating bacteria

necrotizing fasciitis

132

any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo

pyoderma

133

describes any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus

mycosis

134

fungal infection that can grow on the skin, hair, or nails. aka ringworm

tinea

135

dwelling of microscopic parasites on external surface tissue

infestation

136

infestation with lice

pediculosis

137

skin infection caused by and infestation of itch mites

scabies

138

thickening of part of the skin on the hands or feet caused by repeated rubbing

callus

139

normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound

cicatrix

140

tissue that normally forms during the healing of a wound

granulation tissue

141

general term used to describe a small, knot-like swelling of granulation tissue in the epidermis

granuloma

142

abnormally raised or thickened scar that expands beyond the boundaries of the original incision

keloid

143

any skin growth, such as a wart or a callus, in which there is overgrowth and thickening of the skin

keratosis

144

benign, slow-growing fatty tumor located between the skin and muscle layer

lipoma

145

aka mole, small, dark, skin growth that develops from meanocytes

nevus

146

atypical moles that can develop into skin cancer

dysplastic nevi

147

benign, superficial wart-like growth on the epithelial tissue elsewhere in the body, such as in the bladder

papilloma

148

a mushroom like growth

polyp

149

small, flesh colored or light brown polyps

skin tags

150

precancerous skin growth that occurs on sun-damaged skin.

actinic keratosis

151

malignant umor of the basal cell layer

basal cell carcinoma

152

originates as a malignant tumor of the scaly squamous cells of the epithelium

squamous cell carcinoma

153

type of skin cancer that occurs in the melanocytes

malignant melanoma

154

technique in which cells are scraped from the tissue and examined under a microscope

exfoliative cytology

155

the destruction of tissue by burning

cauterization

156

aka chemical peel, the use of chemicals to remove the outer layers of skin

chemabrasion

157

the destruction of abnormal tissue cells, such as warts or tumors, through the application of extreme cold

cryosurgery

158

removal of material from the surface by scaping

curettage

159

removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound to prevent infection and to promote healing

debridement

160

procedure, pressurized fluid is used to clean out wound debris

irrigation and debridement

161

form of abrasion involving the use of a revolving wire brush or sandpaper

dermabrasion

162

surgical technique in which tissue is destroyed using an electric spark

electrodestruction

163

technique used to treat various types of skin cancer, individual layers of cancerous tissue are removed and examined under a microscope one at a time until a margin that is clear of all cancerous tissue has been achieved

Mohs' surgery

164

class of chemical compounds derived from vitamin A that are used in skin care and treatment because of their effect on epithelial cell growth

retinoids

165

aka lid lift, surgical reduction of the upper and lower eyelids by removing sagging skin

blepharoplasty

166

form of soft-tissue augmentation used to soften facial lines or scars, or to make lips appear fuller

collagen replacement therapy

167

aka a skin graft

dermatoplasty

168

use of electric current to destroy hair follicles in order to produce the relatively permanent removal of undesired hair

electrolysis

169

surgical removal of fat from beneath the skin to improve physical appearance

lipectomy

170

surgical removal of fat beneath the skin with the aid of suction

liposuction

171

aka facelift

rhytidectomy

172

treatment of spider veins by injecting a saline sclerosing solution into the vein

sclerotherapy

173

BCC

basal cell carcinoma

174

caut

cauterization

175

Ecz, Ez

eczema

176

I&D

irrigation and debridement

177

MM

malignant melanoma

178

NF

necrotizing fasciitis

179

PDT

photodynamic therapy

180

Ps

psoriasis

181

SCD

scleroderma

182

SCC

squamous cell carcinoma

183

SC, subq

subcutaneous

184

SLE

systemic lupus erythematosus